DAMASK is a shiny heavy-weight woven fabric with shiny jacquard patterns woven into it. The fabric is woven with a combination of sateen and satin weaves – the pattern will be woven in the satin weave and the ground fabric will be woven in sateen weave or twill weave. Many intricate patterns (usually floral) are woven into the fabric. The contrast of the satin or twill ground and the satin/plain woven designs as well as the light refelcting on the thread of the patterns make the designs stand out.
It is supposed to have originated in Syria,a country in the Middle east. The name is derived from Damascus (Capital city of Syria) where it is said to have been first made. It is popularly used to make furniture upholstery, draperies and to make table covers, napkins, etc.
Do you really have Damask fabric?
Damask is often confused with Brocade fabric and also with any fabric with a particular print.
It can look very similar to brocade fabric which has a similar weave but the brocade has raised patterns whereas the damask fabric is flat. The patterns are an integral part of its weave. Damask is reversible but brocade may have the fibers jutting out on the back and patterns on the surface are raised.
You can learn more about Brocade fabric here.
You may also hear of damask as a pattern – it is used to refer to a middle eastern intricate pattern.
It will be referred to as a Damask print or Damask pattern; but if you just see “Damask pants” double-check to ensure it is the fabric and not the print. In the print version, the patterns are just on the surface, printed and in the damask fabric, the patterns are a part of the fabric weave.
You can get damask in different types of fibers – cotton damask, silk damask are the favorites because they are made of natural fibers but damask fabric made of synthetic fibers are also very popular because they are very inexpensive and have great durability. Linen damask is another type of damask.Damassin is a damask with gold and metallic weft thread.
Japanese museums have many specimens of embroidered silk damasks. Donsu and Rinsu are satin damasks of Japanese origin.
It is a lustrous fabric with a shine on both sides. Usually damask is a reversible fabric with the same pattern on both sides. But the colors will be different – it will be a complimentary image. The patterns are mostly floral and geometrical.
Another feature is the relative thickness of the fabric – it is a medium-weight fabric that is suitable for making curtains, furniture upholstery, home decor. Because of the thickness, it is not the most drapey fabric but it is great when used to make jackets and pants