A home made starch is like loose tea. You have tea leaves at home and can make great tea with it but somehow you have this feel that tea bags are more convenient, so use it – Even though making tea with loose tea is easy as well and the tea made from tea bag tastes only half as good .
Ok, done with horrible similes. But something like that. Home made starch and fabric stiffeners are so easy to make, it is not nice that you are not making it instead of using the unnaturally fragranced starch from the stores or worse not starching at all.
There is no question that starch is good for your clothes. The crispiness of a starched dress is something else. I am not talking about the stiff petticoats and gowns of yesteryear, which can stand on their own, but the light crispness of a freshly dry white dress shirt or a baby’s dress.Cotton looks divine when it is starched. Have you slept on crisp ironed bedsheets, nothing like it. Some even like their jeans starched.
In sewing, cutting into a prewashed and starched fabric is heaven. Knits are the best candidates for this, because they tend to curl up along the edges when we cut, frustrating many a patient sewist. Soft, sheer fabric -all benefit from starching before cutting. After the fabric is starched it becomes smooth and easy to manage.
Make sure that you are starching all the pieces in a pattern ( ie if you are using two fabrics in one pattern both should be starched. If one is not starched and the other is, the pieces will not lie nicely after it is sewn).
- 1.Cooked rice water – Liquid starch
- 2. White glue – Liquid starch
- 3 Cornstarch recipe – Liquid starch
- 4. Potato water – Liquid starch
- 5 Rice Starch Paste – Fabric stiffener
- 6. Cooked Cornstarch paste – Fabric stiffener
- 7. White flour – starch
- How to use the starch you have made
- How to iron a starched fabric
Homemade Recipes for Laundry starch and Fabric stiffener
1.Cooked rice water – Liquid starch
In my home I have grown up seeing rice water being used to starch the clothes. This is water left over after the rice is boiled. Donot use this method if you donot eat rice at home – you will have to throw away the cooked rice and that is waste of food
Drain the water from the boiled rice. You have to take the rice water out as soon as it is cooked, because if it is left to cool the water will solidify and it will be useless. Take out and thin to the proper consistency. This thinned starch water can be left to cool. Dip the dress in this solution ; wring out the water from it. Hang to dry .
Please take care that the garment is fully drying in the sun immediately. If left damp the rice water can create a foul smell. But after it is dried the dress will look wonderfully crisp.
2. White glue – Liquid starch
Dilute white glue 1 tbsp in 500 ml water. Mix thorougly. Use as spray starch or dip and starch as explained below, after diluting it further. Easy peasy. Everyone has white glue at home. I know a friend who does this every week – starching all her husband’s shirts in the white glue solution – she claims it is the best.
3 Cornstarch recipe – Liquid starch
If you are more into the natural things, cornflour is a good solution.Yes the cornflour that you add to your gravy to thicken it can make your clothes starched. Cannot get homemade than this.
- 2 cups of water
- 1 tbsp cornstarch
Whisk the mixture together nicely till the powder is blended in. Pout this into a spray bottle.Shake the bottle thorougly before each use to make sure that the cornstarch which settles down is mixed in.
You have to use it up fully. Cornstarch is after all food . Make fresh batch next time you need more. A disadvantage of using cornstarch is that you have to be wary of white spots on dark clothes. However for light clothes this is a very quick and effective way of starching.
I add a small leaf of basil to the bottle for a nice smell.
4. Potato water – Liquid starch
This is a recipe I have seen around in home management books – guess the starch in the potato is put to use here. Take 2 medium potatoes. Skin the potatoes and then grate with a vegetable grater. Pour water over it and let it sit for some 10 minutes. Strain the water. Let the water sit for sometime. Take out the clear water on top. Keep this clear water in a stove and boil, stirring all the while. Mix more water if you want.
5 Rice Starch Paste – Fabric stiffener
This is called Nori in Japanese printing. This is basically used as a glue , preferred because of the non-destructive quality of this natutral glue. A thing which is stiffened with this paste will stay that way without the properties of the glue detroying it after some time. So if you have a period costume which you are not going to wash for a long time, this is the stiffener you should be using.
- Rice powder from glutinous rice (fine milled white rice flour- the refined rice, not the rice with fiber) 5 tsp
- Distilled water
Keep 300 ml of water to boil. First spoon in 5 teaspoons of rice powder into 100 ml water in a glass. Whisp with a fork / spoon. Pour this mixture into the boiling water. Continue whisking to make sure that no lumps are formed at all. Use a wire whisk used to wisk eggs . Do double ensure that these are no lumps. Take off the stove when you see a semi transparent look to the liquid.
Dilute to use as needed, when hot. Make sure to dilute with more hot water ( donot mix in cold water). Cool before use. This can be used as spray starch also if properly diluted and without any lumbs. If more rice powder ( like 1 tbsp) is added to this, this can be used to really stiffen the fabric the way you want it, like a board.
6. Cooked Cornstarch paste – Fabric stiffener
- 250 ml water
- 1 tbsp cornflour
Whisk cornflour with half the qantity of water together nicely till the powder is blended in. Now boil with the rest of the water
7. White flour – starch
Maida or the white flour also has bindnig properties which makes it great to be used as glue. So you can use it as a fabric stiffener. But remember that this mixture is made of food and needs to be washed after some time. Donot keep in a cupboard and forget about it. The moths and ants will make a meal of it and will leave the rest to you
How to use the starch you have made
Sieve the starch solution if you notice any lumps. Wash the garment , then dip the garment in the starch solution you have prepared – completely and thoroughly so that the starch solution gets everywhere. Wring excess water. Hang to dry. Make sure that the place where you hang it to dry is ok with some water / starch dripping down.
If you want a heavily starched effect increase the concentration of starch to water( a heavy starch solution) and donot wring the water afterwards. Just hang to dry. Compeletly dry it in sun. You will get a stiff garment/ fabric like this way.
How to iron a starched fabric
Lightly sprinkle water on the cloth, then roll it up nicely. The laundry man at our place stuffs all the water sprinkled cloth into a big bag and keep it aside for some 10-20 minutes, so that the water somehow smoothens the fabric enough to iron out all the wrinkles. I don’t do that but sure do some rolling of the fabric on the ironing surface. Use medium heat setting and light steam to nicely iron out all the wrinkles. You may have to use a heavy hand on stiffened fabrics.