Stitch and Slash technique is a beautiful fabric embellishment technique that produces a faux chenille effect on fabric surface. It involves stitching together two or more layers of fabric one on top of the other in parallel diagonal lines (bias) and then cutting through the top layers leaving the base layer intact. A fluffy effect similar to the pile of velvet or chenille is created.
This technique is very much used by textile artists to give great texture and interesting effects to their work. It is also used in quilting and in making home decor accessories.You can use decorative stitches and other embellishments like bead embroidery, metallic embroidery, crystals to further decorate the surface of the work
The stitch and slash technique is used in the following way in embellishing garments. Almost like a reverse applique effect. Fabric is cut out from the top fabric to expose the underlayer. You can use sequinned or beaded fabric layer underneath for a subtle but ornate look
The back of the fabric will look like this
The second layer is baste stitched to the fabric and then stitched on marked surfaces. Then the top layer is cut out to expose the base layer in attractive patterns.
Faux Chenille fabric
The Slashing technique is used to make a fabric that looks very much like Chenille fabric. When the top layers are cut, after fabric layers are sewn together, the cut edges of the fabric layers on top are exposed. They are then made to look frayed by machine washing or hand washing or agitation so that the thread ends of all the layers are exposed . They will look very similar to the piles of chenille fabric ( so the name faux chenille) when used with appropriate fabrics.
How to to make the Faux chenille fabric
Select the fabric for the layers
You can layer two fabric for a subtle effect. Three layers works fine with most fabrics. More than three will give you a more rich and fluffier look. Remember you have to stitch all of them together, so do not go overboard.
The base fabric should be a medium weight fabric- nothing flimsy. You can choose any fabric as the base so long as it will support the layers you mean to keep on top. A Muslin cotton fabric is a safe and stable choice
The layers also can be any fabric which you know will fray well. You can select a medium weight loosely woven fabric. You should select fabrics which work well together – For example select dryclean only fabric with machine wash fabric for the same layers at your own risk.
You can test the effect by cutting a small piece diagonally from the fabric you mean to use and then agitate the cut edges to know how they will behave. You can also wash them to know for sure. Does it fluff the way you want it to? If yes, use it. Some fabrics like Polyester or fabrics with spandex may not.
Depending on the fabric layers used ,their colour, texture etc the stitch and slash effect can be very varied. It can be made to look very subtle as well as very dramatic. A variegated look can be made by using appropriate patterns and colours.
Prewash your fabric if you suspect that the fabric may bleed. For fabrics that you know will not bleed you donot have to prewash. Press to remove wrinkles.
Baste stitch along the edges so that the fabric layers would not shift.
Mark diagonal lines parallel to each other 1/2 inch apart. You may have to mark Closer lines for thin fabrics like say 1/4 inch apart . I mark on the back of the fabric on the base layer and stitch there.
Stitch with a very short straight or narrow zig zag stitch all along the lines.
Slash through the layers, using very sharp pointed fabric
Insert the scissors blade inside the layers above the base layer and Cut throught the channels in between the stitching lines you have made carefully, leaving the base layer of fabric intact.You need really sharp scissors for this part. Ensure that you are not touching or slashing the base layer at any point in time
You can agitate the cut edges by rubbing them against a fabric with rough texture like Denim or use a tooth brush or wire brush to agitate the fibers. You can wash them in the washing machine one or more times along with a fabric with texture and dry them.All of these actions or anyone of them will make the cut edges fluffy enough and fill the channels you have cut through. The result is a beautiful luxurious piled fabric
Another idea is to Use sewing Machine pressure foot to make the chenille effect
This method uses the Fringe pressure foot to make fabric with the fuzzy look of a chenille fabric. Create fabric loops with the help of this foot and then cut the loops to resemble fringes or you can use couching stitches and thick fluffy yarn to make beautiful chenille effect fabric.