Stretchy materials refers to fabrics which can stretch without breaking and return to its original length. This stretch of the fibers provides clothes/accessories made with them the much needed ease, drape, comfort and fitting.
There are two types of stretch materials according to the way they stretch.
2 way stretch materials – These fabrics stretch in one direction either lengthwise or crosswise
4 ways stretch materials – These fabrics stretch in two directions – crosswise as well as lengthwise ie They can be stretched sideways as well as along the selvedges
ref : wikipedia
Below are the materials I have seen which have some or lots of stretch. You will have to go by the percentage of spandex/ elastane in the fabric or try it yourself to see whether the stretch of the fabric suits your purpose. For example some fabrics with a 4 way stretch will stretch more in one direction than the other.
Most of the knit fabrics have some stretch. Usually it is a 2 way stretch.The stretch in the knit fabric makes it one of the most suitable fabric for sewing clothes. Jersey is a light to medium weight knit fabric with good stretch used to make sports and casual wear
Other knit fabrics for dressmaking are
3×3 Rib Knit
Doubleknit Rayon Blend
Interlock twist jersey
Silk Mesh Knits
This synthetic fabric has revolutionised the textile industry with its ability to stretch to almost 300-400 percentage on its own. The stretchness of spandex depends on its elastane content. 1-5% is common in comfort wear whereas sports wear usually has elastane content of about 12-15%.
Is Spandex and Lycra the same?. No. Spandex is a generic name for super stretchy fabrics with elastic content – the base could be cotton, nylon or wool. Lycra is a spandex fabric which is trademarked by Dupont Company
3 Spandex blends
When blended with other fibers spandex can lend about 2-20 % of its elasticity to the new fibers.
Cotton – spandex blend – Very smooth fabric with a 4 way stretch . The percentage of spandex usually is 3- 5% . It is used to make t-shirts, skirts, dresses
Polyester – spandex Blend – This is very lightweight stretchy material with stretch. This is perfect for sewing leggings. It is also popularly bought for making leather-look apparel and accessories. You can also make dancewear and costumes with this material.
Stretch satin -This is a polyester -spandex blend in a satin finish; it can look very lustrous.
Stretch velvet – This fabric with a napped surface can have about 15% stretch ; You can make beautiful garments with this. The lustrous look makes it a favourite to make costumes / dancewear
Polyester spandex fabric with foam backing – this is mostly used for home furnishings
Nylon Spandex Fabric – This stretchy material is usually used to make swimwear , lingerie ( sports bras) active wear – those super stretchy cycle shorts worn by cycling champions are made in this fabric. It has a very nice 4 way stretch (15% spandex mostly)
Rayon knit /Spandex – this has a good stretch and it is a very silk like smooth. This combination make it ideal for making very fitting and comfortable garments . Bamboo rayon is specially smooth.
Acetate/Spandex ; Modal/Spandex ; Tencel/Spandex ; Linen/ Spandex are other blends which are available
This is a lightweight denim with a stretch for comfort and ease. It is a mix of cotton, polyester and spandex. You can use this denim to sew fitting jeans, skirts and dresses.
Cotton poplin stretch
This stretchy fabric is a blend of Poplin, cotton and spandex – this fabric usually has a slight (10 % ) stretch and is very comfortable . This is ideal for making shirts
Faux Leather/ Vinyl Fabric with stretch
This is ideal for making accessories like belts and also for sewing home furnishing
This is the best of lace fabrics as it has a stretch/ ease added to the beauty of lace. You see lingerie being made in this fabric mostly. You can also use this fabric for making garments like fitting blouses, dresses, skirts. You can also sew leggings with this material.
Latex is made from the sap of the rubber tree. Rubber can be used to make clothes but mind you, not everyday clothes. It is very difficult to sew and very difficult to wear – no breathing and at times irritating to skin. But the stretch of rubber (more than even spandex) and water resistance makes it desirable for certain items.
5 Neoprene Rubber
Neoprene rubber is a synthetic polymer resembling rubber. Wet suits used in scuba diving is usually made of Neoprene rubber. Neoprene rubber is available in many thickness and is increasingly used to make fashion garments and accessories as well