A list of 28 different types of quilts

Egyptians, Chinese, Indians – all the ancient civilizations of the world can claim a piece of the history of quilting. People were making quilts as far back as 3400 BC or even beyond. Being this old does not mean that it has lost a smidgen of its appeal among the enthusiasts today. In fact quilting is a passion with a lot of people. Millions if you count it.

Creativity needed to come up with beautiful designs and fun of finding the suitable color combinations  and the precision needed to match the blocks, all make quilting a beautiful and functional hobby worth being passionate about.

If you are a beginner to the world of quilting you may want to know what you want to create. Here are the different types of quilts. I wish at least some of them were on my bed.

Album Quilt

 

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by Through The Needle’s Eye (@needleseyestories) on

An Album quilt is made for special occasion and consists of special designs on each block which are important/significant to the maker of the quilt or for whom the quilt is being made. The designs on each block are intricate and they are usually appliqued or beautifully pieced. These quilts are made for significant occasions like wedding, anniversary or birthdays or for memory of a particular person.

Amish Quilt

Embed from Getty Images
An Amish quilt is a functional quilt made with recycled clothes, shirts, dresses. The name comes from the eastern region of Pennsylvania Amish. These quilts usually have a wide plain border and dark even black colors and geometric patterns.

Applique Quilt

A quilt with applique designs, of course.

Art Quilt

Embed from Getty Images

A quilt with artistic aspirations. 

Bargello Quilt


This is a quilt with Bargello designs – strips of square fabrics are joined to create an undulating wave like patterns- it will look like the flame stitch popular in needle point embroidery. 

Centennial Quilt

This is a quilt made to commemorate a one hundred years celebration.

Charm quilts (Odd Feller quilt or Beggar quilt)

A quilt made of different fabric pieces – usually you will not find any two identical pieces of fabric in a charm quilt.

Crazy Patch Quilt

Crazy patch quilts are quilts made by joining several irregular scrap fabric pieces – there will not be a particular design to the way the fabric pieces are laid out. In this type of quilt, you can join your scrap pieces the way you want to, to make the quilt top. 

Traditionally the scrap fabric pieces are stitched to a foundation fabric. The seams lines and the whole quilt are decorated with embroidery stitches, bead work, trims etc.

Friendship quilt

This is the name given to the type of quilt given as a gift to relatives / friends, made to commemorate special occasions or a move to another place. It is usually made as a gift to a loved one, constructed out of blocks lovingly made by many different people and then joined together as a tribute to their love for a special person. The quilt may be signed, dated, or contain verses and messages.

Lap quilt

This is the name of a small quilt (usually much smaller than regular bed quilts) meant to be put on the lap or over your leg for extra warmth while you are sitting. It usually is a 36 inch by 48 inch rectangle or a 36 inch square

Lattice Quilts

These quilts will have small strips of fabrics between the blocks creating a border for each block –  This creates a vertical, horizontal, or diagonal lines throughout the quilt top when the blocks are joined together creating a beautiful lattice pattern . 

Medallion Quilt

Embed from Getty Images

This quilt type has  a large central block / area / motif which will be defined/framed  by clever stitching of a border or some other way. The central motif is usually appliqued but it could also be a dominant textile pattern or pieced. The rest of the quilt top is planned to enhance the effect of the center motif.

Memory quilt

 

View this post on Instagram

 

A post shared by Quilt Maker Sherie Mckenna (@sweetonstitches) on

This is a quilt made of the clothes worn by a loved one. Usually memory quilts are made out of scraps cut out from kids outgrown clothes. A unique way to make a memory quilt is to print photographs of loved ones on fabric and use it to make the blocks of the quilt.

Mini Quilts

These are a mini version of the full size quilt. They need not be a scaled down version of the quilt pattern. Usually they are made as wall quilts or as place mats. 

One-patch block Quilt

This is type of quilt made entirely with a single and simple type of block/patch – the single repeating shapes that could be a triangle, square, hexagons  a diamond, a clam shape etc are sewn together to make the pieced quilt top

Patchwork Quilt

Embed from Getty Images
This is a quilt made of different fabric pieces sewn together to form a block – it could be a collection of different patches, shapes, strips, or blocks of material and they are all sewn together to form a design for the quilt top. The patchwork quilts are made of scrap fabric pieces which are taken from used clothing, or any other leftover fabric.

Patriotic quilt

This is a quilt made to celebrate patriotism. This quilt is made to commemorate special national occasions like the Independence day, Memorial Day etc. It can depict the flag of a country and can be called a flag quilt.

Presentation Quilt

This is a quilt with elaborately appliqued designs which is made to mark a special event or as a gift to someone who is moving away. The foundation fabric of the quilt was usually  white in color. Another name Baltimore Album Quilt.

Quilt of Valour

This is a quilt made as a gift to the soldiers/military personnel in recognition of their services and sacrifices for a country.The quilt is usually given  to injured or ill soldiers.

Scrap quilt

Embed from Getty Images
This quilt is made from fabrics scraps you have saved from other projects or cut out from old clothes. It uses fabric pieces in different colors and patterns – as the blocks are made of the fabric scraps the colors are randomly placed and not planned like it is usually for quilt blocks. Quilts can be made of regular fabric pieces can still be called a scrap quilt if they have blocks made of many different fabrics of different colors and patterns.

Signature Quilt

This is a quilt made of blocks signed by friends and family members of the maker or the person receiving the quilt. Other than signature, the blocks may also be written with messages or embroidered.

Sesqui-centennial quilt

Quilts commemorating One hundred and fiftieth celebration.

String Quilt

This quilt is made out of long strips of fabric, lace, ties, ribbon etc. They were originally made out of small thin bits of scraps left over from other sewing projects.

Throw quilt

This type of quilt is made as a decoration and thrown over the back of a couch or chair; It will be smaller than a bed quilt but bigger than a lap quilt.

Trapunto Quilt

These types of quilts will have yarn or batting as an inner layer which will create a dimensional look when quilting stitches are made. Usually parallel lines are stitched as quilt stitches.

Wall quilt

This type of quilt is not meant for the bed- they are used as a decoration and hung on the wall. They are small in size. You can also call it  a quilted wall hanging.

Watercolor quilt

This is a beautiful quilt made of small square blocks ( usually 2 inch square) of printed fabrics resulting in a quit that looks like an impressionist water color painting. Another name for this quilt is color wash quilt.

Whole cloth quilt

This quilt has a quilt top which is made from one single large piece of fabric.

 

 

 

Comments 4

  1. Hello…..I really enjoyed your recent blog (sorry you were bumped by a bus).
    It was the info on quilts I found fascinating.
    I am President of DELECTABLE MOUNTAINS QUILT GUILD in Berkeley Springs West Virginia. delectablemountainsquiltguild.com and yardsquarequilts.com
    That’s my credentials, and not much.
    But basically I am a researcher – I was an editor/writer at a national newspaper for 16 years. I am preparing a presentation on the history of quilts.
    So could you give me “footnotes” and bibliographic notes on your work.?Mostly I am interested in earliest examples: Egyptian, Ethnic,as Armor, etc.
    Can you direct/help me?

    1. Post
      Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *