Updated on by Sarina
Chain stitch, which is one of the most frequently used embroidery stitches, is a loop stitch; It is also known by names like Tambour stitch and Point de chainette.
This simple stitch is used for outlining as well as for filling. There are many different ways that you can use this stitch as a base to create other stitch styles.
A loop stitch involves pulling the thread tight after taking the thread under the needle. It can be worked in many different beautiful variations.
You can use any type of embroidery thread to work this stitch. The main considerations are the size of the stitch and the weight of the fabric.
One thing you have to keep in mind when you sew the chain stitch is to keep the stitches identical in size.
How to stitch a Chain stitch
The stitch is worked from below to upwards. Bring up the needle at the start of the line.
Put the needle back in the same hole it just came through; bring it up a small distance above it. Keep the thread under the needle when bringing up so that a loop is formed.
Remember to pull the needle gently.
Repeat making these stitches, always making sure that you are inserting the needle into same hole from which the needle came up previously.
Chain Stitch- Variations
1. Chain Stitch (Detached)
This stitch is also known by the names Lazy Daisy stitch or Daisy stitch.This is a standalone chain stitch. You can use this stitch in many ways, as leaves, as grass, as flowers etc.
Checkout this post on 8 ways to make flowers with lazy daisy stitch
2. Chequered Chain stitch
This chain stitch is made by using two threads of different and mostly contrasting colors.
3. Open Chain Stitch
(Ladder Stitch, Roman Chain Stitch and Square Chain Stitch).
Check out the tutorial to sew the Ladder stitch here.
4. Cable chain stitch
This stitch as the name suggests has a small cable connection between the loops formed by twisting of thread in between the chain stitches. When finished it looks like a replica of a cable chain.
Learn how to do a cable chain stitch here
5. Barred Chain stitch
After making a single chain stitch insert the needle for the next one some 3-4 thread away from the tip of the first chain stitch. Come back up on the line of the chain stitch.
Loop the thread as shown in the picture. Now you will have a chain stitch with a projection. Continue making these stitches.
6. Alternating Barred stitch
This is the same way as the previous stitch, just that every alternate stitch will be done to the other side resulting in projections to either side of the stitching line.
7. Whipped chain stitch
This is used as an outline stitch where you want a bold and thick line. Whipped stitches are made on the chain stitched line. The whipped stitches can be done with a more thicker thread than used for the chain stitch loop.
You can make different versions of this stitch like where you make two whipping stitches in the same loop in opposite directions so that the line is more thicker.
Make a line of chain stitches
Whip over this line with a same color thread or a different color thread with a thicker and blunt needle (do not pierce the fabric when doing the whip stitches, just go under and over the thread). Make sure that the whip stitches are at the junction of each chain stitch.
8. Chain stitch – Back stitched
This stitch is used when you need a thick outline. A line of back stitch is done in the middle of the chain stitch with a same colored or contrasting thread.
Make a line of chain stitches
Make a line of back stitch from right to left along the center of the loops.
9. Twisted Chain stitch
The chain stitches are done to the left side of the stitching line which gives this line an attractive appearance.The stitches are made consistently small which makes this textured looking.
This stitch is always worked downwards
Insert needle in the stitching line and bring out the needle slightly to the right in front ( not on the stitching line). Keep the thread on the left side of the needle
Wrap the thread on needle from left to right, from under the needle.Continue making chain stitch downwards, left side to the stitching line as in the picture.
When you continue doing this, a twist is formed on the stitching line which looks very attractive.
10.Heavy Braid chain stitch
This gives you a very thick outline stitch
Make a small straight stitch
Bring the needle back through the fabric a little further down the line.
Now make a chain stitch loop by taking the needle under the straight stitch and bring the needle down at the starting hole.
Make similar stitches downwards, the needle going under the previous stitch subsequently, till you get a long line of thick stitching line.
Continue doing this and you get a thick line of chain stitches.
11. Chain Stitch ( Zig Zag)
In this stitch , chain stitches are made up and down alternatively. When you finish the line you will get a nice zig zag line. Chain stitches are made up and down alternatively.
12. Chained Feather Stitch
This stitch consists of detached chain stitches made along with straight stitches in a zig zag manner like a feather stitch.
Mark 4 parallel equidistant vertical lines to make the detached chain stitches
One way to do this chain stitch variation is to Start with making the detached chain stitches and connect them with straight stitches.This way you can make stitches in two different colors.
The other way is this – follow the pictures to know the sequence to make this easy to stitch but complicated looking stitch.
Make a slanted detached stitch along A-B.
Make a Straight stitch along C-D slanted
Come back along E-F and make another slanted detached chain stitch.
Make another slanted straight stitch along G-H.
Come back for a slaned detached chain stitch along I-J which is parallel to the first chain stitch.
It will look like this.
Continue in this way till you have a connected chain.
13. Chain stitch ( Double)
This is a beautiful border design stitch. Two triangles are made adjacent to each other within two parallel lines to work this stitch.
14. Chain Stitch ( Filling )
Chain stitch can be used to fill a design beautifully. Start stitching the outline of the design. Make a very neat outline and you are almost set for a beautiful work. Then fill in chain stitches following the outline. A beautiful effect can be achieved by using variegated embroidery floss
Related post : Chain stitch embroidery uses chain stitch as an outline as well as a filling stitch.Checkout the post for 5 commonly used motifs in this work
15. Chain Stitch overlapping
This is a stitch in which two chains stitches are made one over the other. the second one a little bigger.
16. Chain stitch Double variation
17 Chain stitch Double alternating
18. Butterfly chain stitch
This stitch is made by making straight stitches like in the picture below and tying them together with single chain stitches.
19. Rosette chain stitch
Check out post on rosette chain stitch for more details on this beautiful stitch
20. Wheat ear chain stitch
21. Alternating chain stitch
This stitch uses two different colors of thread for every alternate chain stitch. You will be using two needles threaded with the different threads at the same time.