Rhinestones are jewels for clothes. They sparkle the same way as diamonds and transforms the look of clothes the same way that accessories do. Infact if you are wearing a brilliant rhinestone studded dress no need for any extra jewelry.These flat backed glass stones can make all the difference to your outfit.
If you have decided to buy rhinestones, You have choices from the high end Swaroski rhinestones which is the ultimate in quality to the cheap plastic / acrylic ones – it is your budget that determines what you buy. No need for me to elaborate on Swaroski; the acrylic ones can look classy and embellish your clothes very well too if you have the knack of arranging them into pretty patterns
Around the neck of tops, on the cuffs , on collars, around the perimeter of you scarf, on a waist tie or on a brooch – the rhinestones can add the required sparkle to you clothes and accessories. Rhinestone chains are great when used as borders.
How to make the designs for the rhinestones ?
Any design you use for embroidery can be used with the rhinestones. There are stencils available in stores which you can place on the fabric , brush the rhinestones in place and then apply them to the fabric . Very easy to make big complicated designs this way, right?
For small motifs, you can just transfer the designs using any of the methods described here and then adhere the rhinestones in place. Rhinestones can also greatly enhance the look of embroidered motifs and printed motifs even when used sparingly.
The rhinestones are available in a wide range of sizes, colours and finishes. There are 4 types of rhinestones according to the method used to fix it to the fabric
Glue fix rhinestones
The glue fix rhinestones are the most common type of rhinestones. Fabric glue is used here. You can add glue to the back of this stone and attach it to the fabric. You can hold it in place for sometime ( or tape it) if you feel the need. After sometime the stones will be neatly adhered to the cloth
Sometimes these stones come with a small foil in the back of the stone which you have to peel off before applying glue.These are available for the expensive stones and these foils protect the stones form damage. The expensive stones also will come with their own recommendations as to which glue to use. It is advisable to follow this.
Ensure that you are applying just enough glue to the back of the stones; anymore and you will have the glue squishing out from under the stone and making marks on the cloth.
Hot fix rhinestones
Hot fix rhinestones already have a glue behind them ; when you apply glue to them the glue is activated and it permanently adheres to the fabric. This is a time saver when you have a large project. You donot have to fix each rhinestone individually with glue on them. Also no more mess with extra glue oozing out from under the stones
One problem with these rhinestones is that you cannot apply this to any surface which is heat sensitive. Like no pleather, plastic, vinyl, leather ; also you have to be extra careful with thin sheer fabric. If you apply more heat than these materials could bear and they will be destroyed.
Any treated fabric ( teflon, enzyme, stain resistant, water repellent) or metal dyed fabric or porous material will not take the glue on the back of these stones and hence you cannot attach the heat fix rhinestones on them
The 4 things you have to get right for correct attachment of hot fix rhinestones are – correct heat applied, duration of heat applied, pressure you apply and finally all these specified for the material you are using .
You can either keep the rhinestones on top of the fabric and then apply pressure on the top of the stone or keep the rhinestone, then keep fabric on top and apply heat from top of the fabric – either way as long as the glue applied back is touching the fabric and the heat gets the glue activated enough the stone will adhere to the fabric .
Tools used for heat application for fixing rhinestones
This is used mostly for commercial purposes when you have a large number of items to press rhinestones on to ; very convenient to use but expensive
This is what is used generally at homes to fix the rhinestones
Handy hot fix tool
This is a small tool which is great for applying rhinestones. This heat applicator comes with different tips suitable for applying heat and setting different sizes of rhinestones. If you work with rhinestones a lot this can make your work very easy. You can apply rhinestones to curved surfaces with this tool, which is not possible with the above tools.
Sew on Rhinestones
These rhinestones will have holes in them through which you can hand sew them to the fabric . You will need a beading needle and thread the colour of your garment.
The holes will be in the center of the rhinestone or on the periphery. You can use small straight stitches to attach them. Make sure that you are tying knots at the back after each rhinestone is fixed; this way even if one stone comes loose the whole embellishment would not come loose together at once
The knots and stitches in the back will scratch your skin if you donot have a backing ; What you can do is keep the facing of your neckline/ cuff/collar open and attach the facing open edge to the main fabric after you have sewn the rhinestones ; this way the facing will protect your skin from the irritating thread on the back of your work.Use small whip stitches to attach the facing to the garment.
Mesh backed rhinestones
This consists of a strip of mesh with the rhinestones attached. You can cut it into the shape you want and use it as it is, for home decor projects like decorating a candle vase.