Knit Vs Woven : 7 main differences between these fabric types

1 Knit Vs Woven Definition

Knit fabric is made of interloping one continuous yarn or multiple yarns, with lengthwise as well as crosswise interlocking looped stitches. Woven fabric is made of a series of lengthwise yarns interlaced with crosswise yarns in a number of weaving patterns. Woven fabrics are made by weaving – both hand weaving and with specialized weaving machines. Knits are fabrics made by knitting – both hand knitting and with specialized knitting machines. 

Related post : 20 different Fabric weaving types 

2 Structure of knits and wovens are different

Knits have a vertical column of stitches forming lengthwise ribs called wales and crosswise lines called courses, which are basically vertically and horizontally interconnected stitches. On most knits, the wales can be seen on the right side of the fabric and the courses can be seen on the wrong side of the fabric.

Woven fabric is made of lengthwise yarns (warps) interlaced with crosswise yarns (wefts) with a distinct pattern.

3 Knit fabrics stretch more than woven fabrics.

Knit fabrics Stretch along the length and width but more along the width than the length. Woven fabrics do not stretch much but can stretch more along the diagonal and a little along the length than the width.

4 Knits do not wrinkle as much as woven.

There are many kinds of knits, some thin some thick. But try scrunching it up in your hands and then release it ; you will find that the fabric will bounce back to its original looks. But not so with woven fabrics. A woven fabric will retain all the wrinkles.

5 Cut edges of knit fabric do not ravel.

This is an advantage in sewing because you do not necessarily have to finish the seam edges.

6 Knits as Wovens as dressmaking fabrics

Knits are generally very soft, and comfortable to wear. They are very flattering as dressmaking fabrics because of flexibility and good drape. Woven fabrics are generally not as soft as knits.

7 Knits shrink more than wovens

Woven fabrics also shrink but some knits shrink more.

Related posts : Different types of knit fabrics ; How to sew knits.

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