Dependable, reliable, quality zippers are worth their weight in gold. They can make or break a garment or accessory.
When choosing the appropriate zipper for your particular project you will have to look at many factors like length of the seam, design and type of fabric. You can checkout the posts – 3 different ways for attaching zippers and how to attach exposed zippers and sewing Invisible zipper – 2 ways to do it with or without a special foot for more details on how to attach them to fabric
Anatomy of a zipper
1. Teeth – This is the central part of a zipper- The track of the zipper which can be of plastic or metal. The zipper is opened or closed by means of this teeth
2. Tape – This is the fabric on either side of the zipper teeth. It is usually made of polyester. This is stitched to the fabric to attach the zipper
3. Pull and slider – This is the metal/plastic piece which opens and closes the zipper teeth by moving along the teeth track. The pull is used to move the slider
4. Stopper – this is the metal thing at the edge of the zipper teeth which stops the zipper teeth from separating fully. There are stoppers on top of the teeth and at the bottom
( For a seperating zipper, instead of a bottom stopper there is a box and pin mechanism which closes the zipper and slides it open)
Types of zippers
1 Closed end zipper
These are zippers that do not separate at the bottom; They have a stopper at the bottom end stopping the pull going further and separating.
2 Separating zippers
This zipper has both ends open with one slider – they have a lock (a box and pin mechanism) at the bottom which can be used to attach the zipper teeth. You can use this type of zippers on jackets jackets, construction clothing, coats, sweatshirts, hoodies, blouses, vests where the whole two parts have to be opened. They usually come in long lengths . These zippers are also called open ended zippers
3 Two way separating zippers
These are also called dual zippers, double zippers, or two-head zippers.They have two sliders/ pulls. When the zipper is installed, the bottom slider can move up the teeth of the zipper, unzipping the lower portion of the zipper. They are great when used on jackets. You also see them on luggages
4 Continuous zipper chain
These are extra long zippers which you can cut in any length you want – they are as long as 100 – 300 plus inches long. The extra long zipper chains are used for tents, cushions , garment bags, mattress covers etc or anywhere that you want that needs longer than average zippers.
According to the type of material with which the zippers are made they are classified as follows
5 Nylon coil zippers
These are thin zippers made of plastic with polyester sides. They are very lightweight and are available as separating or closed or two way separating and in different lengths
6 Metal teeth zippers.
These come in many lengths and in many makes. The short zippers used on jeans has a shiny gold/brass finish. They are available in 4 -9 inch lengths Then there are aluminum zippers.These are heavy duty heavy gauge zippers . Nickel ones have a shiny silver finish and are more durable than aluminium ones
7 Molded plastic zippers
These plastic zippers are also called parka zippers and look almost like metal zippers. These are used on jackets, Parkas, bath robes, coats, hoodies, sweaters, sportswear, fleece jackets etc. They look very attractive and at the same time are lightweight, heat resistant and rust proof.
According to the use to which they are put to, the zippers are classified as
8 Pant Zippers
These are short nylon coil zippers ; also called pants zippers in my part of the world – because this is the type of zippers used on a pant fly. They are made of plastic with polyester sides . You can use them on skirts, pillows, purses and blouse backs. They usually have a stopper at the bottom to prevent them from getting separated. If you have a zipper in which you have cut out this stopper you will have to manually sew the zipper teeth together to prevent them separating.
9 Invisible zippers
This is a type of zipper which looks almost invisible when applied on a seam except for its small narrow pull. An invisible zipper foot is generally used . You can sew this with a zipper foot as well. You can use this on the back of dresses and the side seams of tight fitting dresses , skirts etc.and it will look almost as if there is no zipper there, just a seam.
10 Bag zippers
These zippers are coil zippers which has a non-lock slider/pull. These zippers do not separate at the bottom. These are available at a lengths of 9 inches and 14 inches
11 Water repellant zippers
These are best for using on tents, outdoor gear etc. These are sturdy weather proof zippers which will survive all rough weather