Bias tape is a strip of fabric you can buy premade at shops or make yourself – it is basically a long fabric piece cut on the bias grain of the fabric. The tape is used to finish armholes, necklines, and other edges and also as drawstrings, straps, etc.
It is available as a Single fold Bias Tape in widths of 1/2 inches, or 7/8 inches. In a single fold bias tape the side edges of the fabric strip are folded lengthwise to the middle of the strip. Double Fold Bias Tape is a single fold bias tape folded again to the middle. It usually measures 1/4 inches (but a wider one can measure 1/2 inch). A double fold bias tape is used to finish the edges or as drawstring, cord etc.
You can also buy a wider bias tape as Blanket Binding or quilt binding. The name themselves are self explanatory. They are about 1-1/2″ to 2″ wide. A hem facing is another bias cut tape.
Learn how to make bias tape from fabric here.
A braid is a band/plaid made by interweaving different strands of yarn/cord.
Loop braids, Middy braids, Soutache braids are the different types of braids. Loop braid is a round braid made by braiding cotton cords. Middy braid is a flat and narrow braid made of rayon cord. Soutache braid is another round rayon braid but with a narrow center ditch. You can use it for making decorative motifs.
This is a 3/4 inch wide tape made of interfacing material. Used to interface and strengthen small areas; instead of using the big interfacing material you cut this narrow tape in convenient sizes and use. You can use dry heat to adhere this tape as you would with interfacing.
Elastic tapes are available in width ranging from 5 mm and in many colors and even in a transparent version.
This is 1/2 inch wide tape that is used to finish hems of skirts, pants, dresses, jackets etc, as well as to strengthen the edges. The hem tape has adhesive on one side.You can lookout for hemming web tape with backing paper and this can be ironed into the hem.
Piping is a fabric tape made of fabric-covered cord which is inserted between seams. It is used on necklines, hems, armhole edges and to decorate upholstery. Learn how to sew piping here.
This is a tape added along the seams of garments, accessories, upholstery etc. for sealing the seam. It provides waterproofing for these items which are meant for outdoors, because even if you are using water resistant fabric, there will be needle holes on the seams which will seep in the water. A seam tape will stop this. To make a waterproof garment really waterproof you need seam tape.
Stay tape is a thin (1/4″ to 3/8″) fusible or non fusible tape used to strengthen edges as well as prevent fabric edges from fraying. It is usually stitched to the inside of necklines and other edges so that they do not stretch out of shape.
Fringe trim tape
This refers to a flat tape with loops of different lengths along the length – this is usually yarn. It is usually inserted into a seam. Tassels fringes have tassels attached to the loops. Bullion fringe trims have thicker cord as the fringes. Learn how to make fringe trims here.
Lace and embroidered tapes
These tapes made of lace fabric or embroidered cotton fabrics are usually added to the edges. A lace trim can be attached to finish a hem, as sleeves, as an accent between fabrics. You can learn more about lace trims here.
Ric Rac tape
Ric rac trim is a polyester flat braid made in a zig zag pattern. It is available in widths from 1/4 inch to 1 1/2 inches. It serves a decorative purpose.
Gimp is a narrow flat decorative tape, measuring about 3/8 to 1/2 inches in width.
Learn more about the trims used in sewing here.
This is a cotton or polyester tape with a distinctive diagonal weave. This is used for binding edges, reinforce fabric edges and seams, make handles of bags, drawstrings etc.
Velcro Tape (Hook and loop tape)
A velcro tape consists of two parts joined together – fuzzy soft loops on one side stick to the hook side of the other part. It is used as
This is the name of a flat woven tape with a variety of functions in sewing. Webbing made of polyester/nylon fibers as well as cotton/linen are used as straps for bags. Jute webbings are usually used for decorative purposes and for binding edges.