Sewing is a very cost effective hobby - It gets you beautiful clothes at the expense of very few basic tools and equipment. There are some very essential tools you have to have when sewing and there are some tools you can do without. It is your call.
Decide which are the most essential tools you have to have when sewing after reading this article.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
- Measuring tape
- Sewing machine
- Tailor’s Chalk
- Paper Scissors
- Pencil and Ruler
- Pins and a pincushion
- Iron and ironing board
- Thread snips
- Seam ripper
- Pinking shears
- Tracing wheel
- Carbon sheets
- Dress form
- Loop turner
- Needle Threader
- Bias binding tape maker
- Point Turner
- Tailer's Awl
- Button Hole cutter
- Rottary cutter and self healing mat
- Fray check
- Sewing guage
- Short beading needles and pins
- Dress form
This is a staple and goes without saying that for accuracy in sewing a measuring tape is a must. They ensure perfection in sewing. The measuring tape measures 60 inches or 150 cms and has metal tips on both ends to prevent fraying. It can be easily folded up for storing.
Tape measure is an essential tool in your sewing kitty but do not despair if you end up without one. You can still sew with perfection- if you know the measure of any one of your finger. So go now and take the measure of a finger. In the knowledge of your finger lies your power. Anywhere you go you now, you have the ruler with you.
When I started to sew I didn't know how to read a tape measure properly. Checkout the tutorial on accurate reading of the tape measure for more details
Finding a suitable and affordable sewing machine is the first step in sewing your own dresses. A mistake made when choosing the Sewing Machine can make or break your desire to sew. Curses, frustrated sighs, trips to the repair shops, not going to the sewing corner for a long time ( don’t ask me how I know) all will result if you purchase the wrong machine.
Check out this article before choosing a sewing machine if you are a beginner
If your scissors are blunt it will take away all the joy of sewing.. Inaccurate cutting will damage your fabric and you will end up abandoning sewing. Since a sharp and well maintained scissors can give you sharp edges the final garment will end up looking finished.
My advice is to buy the best ones you can find.Buy a bent handle shear with a small ring for the thumb and a large handle for the 2nd and 3rd fingers.
There are a variety of threads available for sewing line sewing machine threads, embroidery threads, quilting threads, top stitching threads, upholstery threads, metallic threads, invisible threads, tailor’s threads and so on.
- Select the right thread for the fabric you have.
- Select a colour slightly darker than the material.
- Use coloured thread for basting so that it s easily seen when it has to be removed.
Checkout this detailed post on selecting the appropriate thread
This chalk rubs off clothes very easily and is hence the preferred means of marking on fabric for most. You should have chalk of different colours so that you can use on different coloured cloth.Checkout this post for other alternatives to tools for marking on fabric
Sewing machine needles Always stitch with a sharp needle. A blunt needle will destroy your fabric. Different types of fabrics will require different types of needles.
Hand sewing needles: Most sewing projects will require a little bit of hand finishing, like sewing a button or a hem. Small and thin needles are used to sew on fine materials and to make small dainty work. Thin and long needles are used for tacking on thick materials.Checkout the 14 different types of hand sewing needles available
Be it machine or hand sewing needles always remember to keep the needles in a separate box wrapped in paper otherwise rust may set in destroying and blunting them. Checkout the post on selecting the best needle for your sewing project.
Buy brown paper for drafting patterns. Use the wrong side of brown paper. Newspapers glued together can also be used for a very cheap alternative.Craft papers work as well.
Goes without saying that you need a separate paper scissors when drafting paper patterns to cut it out.
Pencil and Ruler
You get a variety of rulers in the market. Transparent flexible rulers made of plastic are the best. Rulers with curves are also a nice addition to your tools like a French curve- It will help you in drafting the necklines and armholes . A side/ hip curve marking ruler is also nice to have.
Check out this site for downloadable french curves and hip curves which you can print out and use in your pattern drafting
Pins and a pincushion
Pins are used to hold the cloth in place and are also used in tacking. Select the sharpest and finest rust proof pins. If you find a single rusted pin in your pin collection throw them away immediately. Keep a small pincushion with pins near your sewing machine and near your cutting table. This will prevent running around for pins every time you need them
You may need to buy extra fine pins for pinning delicate fabrics without damaging them
Click on the picture below for a very easy and useful tutorial for a pincushion which sharpens your pins as it rests.
Iron and ironing board
A good quality iron makes all the difference between professional looking sewing and shoddy sewing. During the process of construction, a good sewist will keep on ironing to get a good finish. Steam irons which steam the fabric are an advantage. An ironing board with good padding and zero wrinkles are also necessary to make the ironing smooth. Checkout this post on the correct way to press for sewing
Use a thimble when hand sewing. You get metal as well as plastic thimble. Metal ones are better.
Select one that will fit your middle finger holding the needle.
This is an essential tool to be kept near your sewing machine ; As you start sewing there will be lots of loose threads to be cut out ; taking out your big scissors is a pain; you can use the small snips as and when the threads are needed to be cut, conveniently kept near the sewing machine
Another must have; most of the newly purchased sewing machines have a kit with this tool given complimentary with a new purchase. This beautiful tool is a heaven send for me whenever I am sewing. Mistakes happen and these mistakes are forgiven due to this small tool the seam ripper.
These are scissors with a zig zag edge. They are basically handy to finish the seams; their cut prevent fabric edges from fraying
This is a very convenient tool if you have a pattern and you need to mark it on to fabric. It is used along with carbon paper. There are two kinds of tracing wheels – one suitable for heavy fabrics and one for light and medium type fabric. The one with smooth edged teeth will keep your pattern intact.
Tracing the pattern onto the fabric is done by stacking the fabric ( wrong side up so that the marks will show up only one the wrong side- though the marks are removable ), then carbon paper colour side down and then the pattern and then running the tracing wheel along the pattern piece.
Carbon sheets are available in different colors; Choose one which is a contrasting colour to your fabric. Test on a swatch first.
Though this is not an essential tool in sewing, a dress form or a dummy can be very helpful when sewing your own clothes. A dress form serves many purposes. It ensures a well fitted garment, simplifies your sewing, eliminates waste and errors, saves your time, helps in making necessary alterations. The best one to have is one which is made to your measurement. Or which can be adjusted in the bust, waist shoulder and hip measurements.
This is a tool used for threading tape, ribbon or elastic through casings.It is usually a blunt needle with an eye or a pin in the end ; This is replaceable with a safety pin ofcourse but if you do garments with many elastic casings and gathers, very convenient if this is at hand .
This is useful in hand sewing; If the thread is coated lightly with beeswax the inevitable knots and tangles can be avoided. If beeswax is applied on zipper teeth which is a bit rusty it will work perfectly.
This is a handy tool that helps in threading hand needles and sewing machine needles. It consists of a very thin metal loop when inserted through the eye of the needle will bring out the thread easily. No more squinting the eyes for hours trying to thread the needle.
Bias binding tape maker
This tool makes creating a bias binding very easy.You just need to guide the bias binding tape you have bought from the store precut or made it yourself, through this tool and the perfectly folded bias tape will come out of it. Checkout the post on making bias tape and the different ways of using the bias tape for binding
Scientific seamstress blog has a wonderful tutorial to make a diy printable bias binding maker.
This is useful in fixing the corners . Especially useful in straightening out the pointy shirt collars.
This is used by professionals in making holes, and guiding eased or gathered fabric evenly when sewing.
Rottary cutter and self healing mat
This is tool designed to cut multiple layers of fabrics in one go. It is used along with a self healing mat.This very useful cutting tool can make cutting fabric very easy. Especially useful when you have to cut similar pieces of cloth at the same time.
This is used to stop fraying on fabric edges especially for sheer fabrics
A sewing guage with a slider is a very useful tool with many purposes - pressing up hems at the ironing board, make accurate tucks and pleats, mark scallops and circles, mark evenly for placement of buttonholes and other fasteners
Short beading needles and pins
Special beading needle is an essential tool for doing intricate beadwork . Beading pins keep the beads in place
For fitting nothing is as helpful as a dressform. If you intend to sew as a business this is an essential tool