You have your dream dress on – but something is not quite right. And that one thing is ruining it for you. Time for DIY Alterations.
Alterations sometimes become a necessity, like a scenario where your favorite dress is too tight that you absolutely cannot get into it, OR sometimes it is just for the aesthetics like the bootleg jeans which you want to transform into a tapering one.
In this article I will cover:
In this article I will cover:
If you know just what to do and you have your seam ripper and sewing machine, and some time (and patience) there is nothing you cannot do to that dress to make it wearable and turn it, maybe, even gorgeous.
What do you need to do clothing alterations
For simple alterations, you can do with your seam ripper and sewing machine. Sometimes you may have to retake body measurements and need to stitch with a hand sewing needle and thread. Then replacements have to be bought – like new zipper, buttons etc.
Here is how to go about altering clothes properly – step by step
Step 1. Understand Fit
You should know how the garment should fit on your body, given the garment silhouette and your body shape. The shoulders should lie flat, the chest area should be comfortable, and pants should sit well at your waist without the need for a belt to hold them up. You should be able to move around, sit comfortably and maybe even dance around after you have done altering. And you also should not alter the natural silhouette of the garment.
Step 2. Measure
I always take the measurement of the body and the garment to know it should properly fit my body. You’ll need to measure your body and your garments to determine how much to take in or let out. Chest, waist, hips, and inseam are the basics
Step 3. Gather the tools of the trade
You will need some essential tools for alterations,like sewing needles, threads of various colors, a sewing machine, pins, a tape measure, seam ripper, iron, and scissors.
Step 4. Inspect your fabric
Different types of fabrics behave differently when you sew them and this will affect how you alter the clothing. Stretchy fabrics, for instance, require different techniques compared to woven fabrics.
Step 5. Brush up your sewing skills
Basic sewing skills like how to thread a needle, sew by hand, and use a sewing machine for straight and zig-zag stitches are necessary for most alterations. Seams and Hems: Understand the types of seams and hems used in the construction of the garment, as these are often the first areas to be adjusted in an alteration.
A lot of alterations are made by manipulating and adding darts around the bust, waist, and hips of the garment to take in or let out.
Sewing knowhow needed for alterations – knowing the 9 easy hand sewing stitches, the best 5 invisible stitches with which you can sew seams and hems without a sewing machine, the basic 20 stitches on your sewing machine and the basic knowledge of how your sewing machine works and how to take your body measurement, the darning stitches and other methods for mending clothes if there are tears – all come handy.
Clothing Alterations – and simple solutions
1. The dress is too tight
This is a sad situation to be in. Either you have put on weight, which is sad or you bought a size smaller hoping you will lose weight, which is sadder. Or you may have shrunk the clothing in the wash
( Check out the tips in the post “How not to shrink clothes” to prevent this from happening again)
You may have to let out seams or darts. Loosening the side seam and restitching is the most often solution – you will need extra seam allowance in this case.
Or You may have to add an extra fabric piece if there is no seam allowance to let out – for this you will need to find matching fabric to the fabric of the dress, with the same care instructions. This extra piece is to be inserted into the seam to add some more width. If it is near joints it is called a gusset – a rectangular piece is added to give ease.
You can add lace trims and use insertion stitches to stitch this piece – check out this post on insertion stitches for more details
You can find the best ways to deal with the situation in this post – Best tricks to alter clothes that are TOO TIGHT.
2. Pant is too tight
Check out this post on the how to alter tight pants
3. Dress/pant/skirt is too short
You will need to lengthen hemlines. You can do this in many ways like adding ruffles to the hems, or even making a slip extender to wear under the clothing, to give it length. Check out this post on How to lengthen skirts for more details on this.
4. Pant is too long
5. The dress is too loose at the waist
This involves Tapering of Dresses & Shirts or skirts. You will have to retake body measurements and add enough ease and then make a new stitching line to the inside. You can also take out excess fabric by adding a dart or two
If you got this dress which is much too big, you can add a waistband like the one in this post on sewing a beach cover up to gather the fullness
Know more about what to do if your dress is too loose here.
6. The Bodice is loose
Here the problem is that the bodice of the dress seems to be too long and bulges/folds
This is a similar problem as the above, but here the bodice alone is loose, not the skirt. It happens if the person stands straight while taking the body measurements but afterward return to her true posture of slumping.
See if the problem can be solved by a tuck straight across the chest area or in the area below the bust if it seems to bulge with extra length there.
Check out the post on sewing darts correctly here.
7. Pant is too loose
8. Dress is too long
This involves Shortening the length of dress, skirt, top, Pants or Jeans- cutting out the extra portion and sewing the hemline again.
A hem stitch should ideally be not seen on the outside – hand stitching is the best. Use easy stitches for hand sewing to sew the hem back. Make them small – 1/4 inches apart.
Check out the post on 20 different ways to sew a machine made hem; you can also hand sew hems – Check out this post on the 17 ways to handmade hems . If you are looking for invisibility in the hem, check out this 4 methods to create an invisible hem.
For jeans you can check out this post on shortening and hemming jeans – 3 different ways – all of them work.
This post outlines the best way to shorten and hem the length of dress pants.
9. Straps are too long or short
Adjust the length of straps on shirts & dresses; You may have to remake the straps or add adjusting sliders.
Check out this post on making thin fabric tubes that can be used for making these straps.
10. Add/replace lining in jackets and dresses
This is too much trouble if you ask me but sometimes it has to be done. Prewash the lining fabric. You will have to let out the seams and restitch or add it as an underlining and hand stitch it to the garment.
You can use slip stitches to very unobstrusively sew a lining to your garment.
11. Altering a neckline that is too big
A neckline which is too wide will gape and expose too much of what you do not want to be shown. There are many solutions to this problem. Check out the post on How to fix a neckline that gapes for these.
12. Wrinkles at the back of the waist
There is extra ease at the back between the base of the neck and waist. You can see this if the hip area is too tight.
You can try to shape this by taking in some ( 1 cm ) at the side seam or the center seam at the waistline and by loosening the seams at the hip.
13. The collar needs replacement or repair
If you cannot sew, or you do not have a lot of spare time for repair, this is unrepairable. Usually the fabric has frayed with wear. You can patch it or replace the collar.
If the collar is looking odd, ask yourself – Did you cut the collar correctly. The outer piece should be cut lengthwise on the fabric and the inner collar piece should be cut crosswise for better stretch. Most of the time problem happens when the collar is too small
14. Sleeves not fitting
Tightness in the sleeve
This is evident especially when you lift up the arm.
You should always measure a long sleeve with the arm slightly bent.
One reason for this is because the crown height is lesser. You will have to mark the crown height a little higher next time. If the dress has shoulder pads, you can take it off to increase the crown height a little bit.
Sometimes it becomes tight because you have developed more muscles in the forearm
Wrinkles in the crown of the sleeve
This is because crown height of the sleeve is more. Add a shoulder pad to immediately solve the problem. Otherwise, let out the seam , decrease the crown height and sew.
Wrinkles in the arm of a long sleeve
This may be because the sleeve is not fitting for the measurement of the arm of the person.
Cut out armscye slightly. Shapes of armscyes must vary with muscular development around armpits of individuals.
15. Replace pockets and trims
Pockets can get worn or tear at the pressure points. If simple tear repair would not do it, you can replace the pocket. Check out the post on sewing patch pockets
Trims also may need replacement – learn how you can add trim to edges here
16. Faulty fasteners
Zippers break, buttonholes get wider, buttons pop out, thread bars get threadbare, snaps come loose, velcro looses its grip and lacing eyelets pop out. A garment is virtually useless without its fastener. So you will need to repair these pronto.
Check out posts like ” How to fix zippers” for all your zipper problems; How to sew a button with a sewing machine or by hand or how to sew button loops for solutions to some of these problems. Other fastener solutions are there in these posts : How to sew a zipper ; How to make cloth buttons; How to do the lacing right.
17. Pant side pockets get open without you doing anything
This is because the pants are not fitting around the hips – it is too tight for you. You will have to find a solution to this problem first. Check out this post on what to do if the pants or jeans are too tight.
18. Armscye Gapes
Droopiness in the armscye under the arm.
Make a dart in the back pattern. This may solve this problem
If the armscye gapes near the bust you will have to make a diagonal dart to the point of the bust. Do not over pinch or it will be too tight.
First Let out the seam at the armscye. You may have to add a small diagonal dart from the armscye line near the bust to the bust point on the main bodice.
If the armscye gapes near the shoulder make a corrective dart at the shoulder. A basic shoulder dart will take out the too much ease.
19. Shoulder droops
If you like a slightly tailored look to the shoulder rather than a droopy look, a shoulder pad can be used. If only one shoulder droops, use on one side alone.
20. The skirt of a dress looks limp
If you want a puffy look to your clothing (party dresses, kids frocks, long skirts etc), you will have to add extra reinforcement. A simple solution to this problem is to wear a pouffy pettiskirt underneath. There are many ways to make this – check out this post for more info on making a petticoat. You can use a horsehair braid at the hem for the hem to look stiff.
Eliminate the need for alterations
Whether as an option or a necessity, alterations are something I do not enjoy as much as sewing a new garment. I have this pile of clothes ready for alterations at any point in my wardrobe – hems which have come loose, dresses which need a bit of seam stitching, hooks that have come loose etc – all of those clothes sitting it out in the wardrobe for months. In my opinion, it is always better to avoid alterations, but sometimes they are necessary for good fit.
When you buy clothes, buy ones that fit the largest part of your body (for eg. for pants if your hips are wide, do not just look at the measurement of the waist).
And always consider the possibility of the garment shrinking after the first wash, when you buy. This is only true for clothes made of natural materials like cotton, linen, rayon garments. Clothes made of synthetic materials do not shrink and those made of spandex will stretch to fit – no need of alterations, if you have carefully selected them in your fit.
Related post : Clothing repairs and solutions