Do you know that earlier collars were mostly detachable from clothes. Today collars are integral parts of most of our clothing. It frames the face, keeps your neck warm, gives the whole garment an elegance.
Collars started out as something of a dilemma to me as for many others when I started to sew. But they are such an unavoidable design feature that there is a need to know the types of collars and the way to sew them if you are seriously into sewing, or even if you simply like clothes.
Collars can be sewn to the garment or detachable. Other than that, basically, there are just 3 types of collars – the stand collar, flat collar and the roll collar. The names are self-explanatory enough.
- Stand collar fits around the neck. It is basically a band which stands upright on the neck.
- Roll collar is a stand collar which is then folded or rolled over.
- Flat collar is found flat on the shoulders.
All the other collars are variations of these basic styles.
Shirt Collar with stand
This is the most common type of collar you see on shirts. You can learn more about the 15 different types of shirt collars here.
A shirt collar with buttons on the points fastening it to the shirt.
Straight band collar
This collar consists of band of fabric encircling the neck
A turned down collar with a wide lapel
Mandarin collar / Nehru collar / Mao collar / Cadet Collar
This is a band collar – the collar has a cut in the center front with rounded or square corners.
Polo/ roll/ turtle collar
This is a high collar which is rolled down.
This collar has a ruffle attached to it.
Peter pan collar
This is a flat collar with rounded corners. Also called Claudine collar. Read more on drafting peter pan collar here.
This is a flat collar with square edge at the center front instead of the rounded corners of the Peterpan collar.
Puritan collar / Pilgrim Collar
It is similar to a Bermuda collar or Peterpan collar but the pilgrim collar or puritan collar is wider.
This is a wide standing collar which stands a little away from the neck and face.
- Quarter zip collar
This is a band collar with zip attached. This collar is usually used in sweatshirts, jersey jackets and sweaters.
Shaped shawl collar
Albany collar is a turned down cutaway collar.(Cutaway collar is a collar with a wide spread)
- Wing collar /Wing tipped collar / Pointed wing collar
Rounded wing tipped collar/ Butterfly collar
Instead of the pointed ends this collar has rounded ends.
A variation of the wing tipped collar with large lapels ; A style worn by John Travolta in the movie “Saturday night fever”.
Dog ear Collar
This is a high standing collar opening to one side.
Tab collar also refers to men’s shirt collars with a tab for fastening the tie knot between the collar button and points of the shirt
A Revers collar is a notched collar with square corners on the collar as well as the lapel.There are many variations to this type of collar.
Fish mouth revers
L revers collar
Napoleon high coat collar
Collar with Modesty panel
Also called Modesty collar, this is a vintage style detached collar. It looks like a bib which is attached to a band collar.
This is usually a wide lace collar with a low neckline. It can be available as a detachable collar.
Frilled Stand collar
Stand Collar with a knot
Van dyke collar
Bertha collar Square
Falling band collar
Cascade collar/ jabot collar
Jabot is a decorative piece of fabric attached to the base of the neck by means of a collar. A cascade collar can be a similar collar with a fabric cut in a flounce shape arranged as a cascade attached to it.
Bib with frill collar
Convertible open collar
This is a one piece collar that lies flat.
Convertible closed collar
This is a vintage style wide collar made of embroidered fabric or lace. It can be removable as well as fixed. Fichu originally is a triangular shaped cotton fabric that is worn as a shawl across the neck and shoulder over low cut gowns – the fichu collar looks like this. Refer this page to know more about Fichu
Pussy Bow collar / Tie neck collar
- Turned up collar
- Barrymore Collar
This is a shirt collar with long tapered points.
- Johnny collar
This is a high stand collar combined with a V neck. It is usually a small high stand collar.
- Portrait collar
- Tulip Collar
This is a roll collar that overlaps along the button giving a tulip /petal effect.
- Clerical Collar
- Nehru collar
This is the collar found on the vests and jackets worn by the of first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru – a close-fitting, stand up collar. Another name is Mandarin collar.
- 60+ different types of necklines
- 17 Different types of Skirts
- 12 Different types of pants
- 17 different types of shorts
- 10 different types of waistlines
- 45 Different types of dresses
- 40 Different types of sleeves