When prints go out of fashion I know someone who will stop wearing clothes! Just joking, but the patterns of fabric is a major factor in most of our fabric/clothing purchases.
For the minimalist, who vouches by the solids, with not a whiff of patterns/designs/prints in their clothes, this importance given to patterns and prints may sound ridiculous. But most of us relish the complexities, colors, and designs of different patterns of fabric available today. These different types of fabric prints and patterns are what attracts us to a fabric shop. They energize, inspires and gives us new ideas and an ability to come up with beautiful creations.
A pattern is a repeating of an element or motif. They are almost as old as humankind. A fabric may have regular all over pattern or irregular random designs scattered in unmeasured repetition throughout.
Fabric pattern fashions come and go. Some patterns are in vogue at some point in time and then they disappear into oblivion, only to reappear again shortly. New patterns or rehashed patterns - interesting patterns are always evident in fashion.To make these prints first the fabric is dyed then the fabric is printed. Check out the post on the different types of fabric printing techniques used to print these patterns on the fabric - like direct printing resist printing, discharge printing, and digital printing
Have you seen a favorite pattern in a fabric and struggled to pinpoint its name? Here is a post putting a name to your dilemma. I have listed some of the most obvious patterns/prints you will find in fabric
An abstract artwork is the opposite of traditional representation of physical objects. These patterns are mostly about forms (lines and shapes) and colors and are very modern - the work in these prints represent ideas than any physical object.
This refers to designs that are closely related to African culture. It is also known as Ankara. Vibrant patterns and vivid colors are typical of this pattern. They have mostly tribal and natural motifs and are also known by the name Tribal prints
This is a pattern incorporating diamonds. An overall pattern with diamonds is more common
Bohemian fabric Patterns
Bohemian refers to use of bright brilliant colours reminiscent of the hippie movement of the 1960s . ( These fabrics are also called boho prints)
Brick network Patterns
This consists of horizontal lines in alternate repeats in a brick laying pattern.
Check / Checkered Patterns
Check design consists of crossing of horizontal and vertical lines making a repetitive pattern of alternating squares of different colours
This is a pattern filled with shapes which looks like an inverted V ( a zig-zag pattern).
This involves the sort of patterns that cannot be made on fabric by any other means, but on the computer
These patterns incorporate ethnic cultural specific motifs (Indian, African, Oriental, Native American)
This pattern has interconnected symmetrical motifs running in an all over pattern. Mostly geometrical motifs are seen in this pattern
These patterns include Hawaain cultural motifs like pineapple fruit, the sea.You usually find these patterns in the Aloha shirts
This is a pattern which gives the viewer an optical illusion. The motifs are cleverly used towards this effect
This is a pattern that looks quilted. The quilting lines will appear as a pattern on the fabric
These are filled with motifs you find in the nature like waves of the ocean, trees mountains etc
These are patterns with onion-shaped motifs. It is an ancient Moroccan pattern and you can find this in repeated design all over the fabric or in a single design.
These are patterns with a patriotic theme with the colours/figures representing specific countries
This is another name for the tartan pattern with criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours
Polka Dot Patterns
This pattern consists of equally spaced dots all over the fabric surface in a consistent design.
This pattern consists of lines on a different colored surface. It could be vertical horizontal or diagonal.
This is a pattern with interwoven elements. Trellis is originally a wooden structure supporting climbing vines
Usually African prints are called Tribal prints . But other cultures have their own tribal prints like the warli print (Indian) in the picture and Aboriginal australian patterns
This is a pattern filled with irregular lines resembling the curvy shapes of worms