100 + SEWING TERMS for a beginner learning to sew

 

sewing glossary

 

Table of Contents

    Sewing Terms and Definitions 

    A-line dress 

    Dress Silhouette which has the shape of alphabet A, narrow at the top and flaring sway from the body towards the bottom.

    A line skirt

    Skirt which is tight at the waist and hip and flares from the hipline creating a shape like Capital letter A

    Accessories

    All articles which complement the clothes like hosiery shoes, bags, gloves, belts, scarves, jewellery, hats. Accessorising is the process of adding accessories to apparel.

    Accent

    A decorative embroidery stitch.

    Accent shades

    Bright and dark shades like Orange, shocking pink, fluorescent colours

    Accordian pleats

    Permanently pressed machine made pleats which donot go with washing or pressing, usually seen around the width of skirts

    Adaptation

    A design that has the features of another design but is not an exact copy

    Advancing colours

    Warm colours (shades of red yellow and orange)

     

    African  print

    A dynamic and colourful print taken from the traditional dress and textiles.

    American style

    Very easy going sporty style

    Anchoring Stitches 

    Stitches made with the shortest stitch length at the beginning or end of stitching to keep them from pulled out

    Animal print

    A cloth pattern representing skin of an exotic animal like zebra or leopord

    Anti-pill

    A treatment applied to fabrics to prevent the formation of tiny balls on the fabric surface due to abrasion during wear. The term explains the wear resistance of a fabric. If a fabric is termed anti-pill it means it is of superior quality and does not have the uneven worn look of fabric made with low quality fibers.

    Apparel

    This an all embracing term for men’s women’s and children’s clothing.

    Applique

    A decoration made by stitching one piece of fabric onto another fabric by using blind stitches or satin stitches

    Applique scissors

    Used to cut applique they are also called duck bill scissors. One blade is longer for better cutting around edges

     Arabesque

    A style of cloth featuring original patterns with abstract geometrical motifs

    Argyle

    A diamond-shaped plaid pattern on a knit fabric. This is a Scottish pattern and comes in three basic colours.

    Armscye

    Armhole ( where sleeve is sewn)

    Asymmetrical garment

    A garment which is not a mirror image of itself from side to side

    Avant Grade

    The most original, experimental, innovative and most unconventional designs of any particular period

    Awl

    A sewing tool used to make holes in the fabric. It can aslo be used for pushing out corners or make eyelets

    Backless

    Design exposing the back

    Back pleats

    Tiny pleats on the back of a garment that allows for more room and comfort

    Back yoke

    A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat and drape very well

    Backing

    Material used beneath the embroidered fabric to provde stability and support.

    Baby hem

    Hem which is only turned very little as litttle as 1/8″. This is usually used in stitching sheer fabrics like chiffon

    Baggy pants

    Pants fitting at the waist and hip but loose at the bottom flare.

    Ballerina neckline

    This is a wide scoop neckline similar to those seen in classic dance attires of ballerinas

    Ballistic

    This is a thick and durable material usually used in luggage.

    Balmacaan

    A loose, single-breasted overcoat usually with a short turnover collar.

    Bandhej

    Tie and die fabric from Rajasthan, used to make garments

    Bar

    Four or more satin stitches.

    Bartacked

    This refers to Reinforced stitching.

    Basket weave

    A variation of a plain weave construction in which two or more warp and filling yarns are woven side by side to resemble a pleated basket.

    Baste

    Long running stitches temporarily created by hand or machine to hold fabric in place before the final stitching. The stitches are called basting stitches.

    Basting needle

    A long sharp hand sewing needle used to baste 

    Batik

    A method of dyeing in which parts of fabric are coated with wax, resulting in varying patterns or colors. Often the wax cracks, causing fine lines or streaks.

    Beeswax

    Beeswax is used to coat the thread of embroidery to prevent it from tangling.

    Bell sleeve

    A Sleeve resembling a bell with flared lower edge

    Besom pocket

    An inset pocket with the lower lip finished with a welt. If both edges have welts, the pocket is called a double besom.

    Bias cut

    A diagonal cut across a fabric’s grain. Used to create garments that closely trace the body’s natural curves for a flattering look. True bias is a cut made in a 45 degree angle to the selvedge. This gives the most stretch

    Bias tape

    A narrow strip of fabric, cut on the bias or cross-grain which has great stretch and has a greater drape It is often used to the finish raw edges of quilts, placemats, etc. Single-fold bias tape is bias tape with each raw edge folded in toward the center, wrong sides together, and pressed. Double-fold bias tape is single-fold bias tape which has been folded in half and pressed, with the single folds to the inside. Checkout this post on making bias tape for more details 

    Bias binding

    A strip of fabric cut on bias used to bind or cover edges. Also called bias tape, this is stretchy so can be used to give a neat edge around curves. 

    Bias seams

    Seams cut and sewn on the bias grain

    Bicep measurement

    Measurement around the fullest part of the arm

    Bird nesting

    This terms refers to what happens when sewing – a thread collection between the fabric and needle plate resembling a bird’s nest.

    Bishop collar

    Two hanging collars longer than the normal collar forming a W shape in the front

    Bishop sleeve

    A long sleeve which ends with gathers at the lower edge which are held with a cuff. it starts at the armhole with minimum fullness.

    Blanket Stitch

    This is a hand stitch used to finish a fabric edge . Eg buttonhole stitch

    Blouse placket

    Placket most seen in women’s garments where one side of placket hides beneath the garment and the other side is extended

    Blouson

    A women’s jacket that blouses and is drawn at the waist

    Blind stitch

    A kind of hemming which doesnot show on the right or the wrong side

    Block

    Master pattern

    Boatneck

    A wide neckline that is open from shoulder to shoulder. It is usually cut same in the front and back.

    Bobbin winder

    A mechanism in a sewing machine which helps in transfering thread from spool to bobbin effortlessly and quickly

    Bodice

    The upper part of a dress from shoulder to waist

    Bodkin

    Long, flat, needle-like tool used to thread elastic through casing.

    Boning

    Narrow strips used to stiffen a garment, usually made of plastic, metal, or bone

    Bonding

    Permanent joining of two fabrics with a bonding agent , heat setting.

    Bootcut 

    It refers to Jeans style which flares from the knees slightly to accommodate boots underneath.

    Border print

    A design that runs along the border or the cuff

    Boutique

    A free standing shop in devoted to specialised merchandise for a niche market.

    Box pleats

    Full length broad pleats in rectangular shape usually around the width of skirts.( eg uniform skirts)The two pleats face each other on one side and away from each other on the opposite side

    Broomstick

    A skirt or dress that is characterized by numerous pleats and crinkled material.

    Bugle beads

    Beads of an elongated tubular shape in different colours, that are often sewn onto garments as ornamentation.

    Bulky

    Large loose silhouette

    Buckram

    A heavy, coarse cotton fabric used for stiffening garments and hats.

    Burnout

    A technique using a chemical paste that destroys a layer of fabric to create a patterned effect and can sometimes result in a sheer look

    Button through sleeve placket

    A small placket located on the sleeve by the cuff which contains a single button closure.

    Button down

    Fastened down with buttons

    Button hole

    A hole made in the fabric for the button to pass through.Buttonhole stitch is used to reinforce the hole edges

    Button and buttonhole placements ( Pattern symbols)

    They are often together and sometimes separate. They indicate placement of button, size, and buttonholes.

    Cable  Stitch

    A straight stitch.

     Camp Pockets

    Pockets that are sewn to the outside of the garment, usually squared off and characterized by seaming.

    Camouflage

    A design incorporating the army’s brown-green print

    Canvas

    A medium- to heavyweight type of cotton or linen in a plain or twill weave.

    Cape collar

    Collar with a plain rounded back and a cut in the front. The width of the collar is the same throughout

    Cap sleeve

    This short sleeve extends just over the shoulder for a touch of femininity.

     Carrier

    A thread or fabric loop used as a support for a belt or tie

    Casing 

    A fabric tube sewn in the garment for encasing elastic or drawstring

    Carbon Paper

    This is used along with a tracing wheel to transfer pattern markings to fabric from the paper patter. It has removable ink on one side in different colour choices

    Casing

    Fabric folded and stitched to hold elastic, cording, or boning.

    Catchstitch

    A hemstitch used to join an edge to the inside of a garment. It consists of cross-shaped stitches on either side of an edge.

    Cathedral Train

    Also known as a monarch train.  A cascading train extending six to eight feet behind the gown. Often used on wedding dresses.

    Center front Fold 

    CFF ;indictes the center fold line in the back pattern; this can be got by folding by matching the shoulder points and armpits of the back pattern

    Center back fold

    CBF; indictes the center fold line in the front pattern; this can be got by folding by matching the shoulder points and armpits of the front pattern

    Chain stitch

    A chain like hand stitch which consists of loops of the same size

    Chalk

    Used to mark fabric pattern lines, notches , buttonholes etc.

    Charm Packs

    Little precut fabric squares of 5″ * 5″ dimensions

    Chenille

    Incredibly soft, fuzzy yarns that stand out around a velvety cord.

    Check on check

    Having various layered check patterns and colours

    Chelsea collar

    Two long collars around a V neckline.

    Chic

    Sophisticated or stylish

    Chinois

    Chinese style

    Chinese collar ( Mandarin collar)

    A rounded stiff collar with an opening, placed close to the neck.

    Churidhar pants

    Indian Pants which are loose above the knees and very tight below the knees

    Cine mode

    Style of fashion that originated in the movies

    Circle skirt

    These skirts are cut on the bias grain; They are very flared at the lower edge. A full circle skirt is without a side seam.

    Clip

    Make small cuts on the seam alloance for easy turning or fit better.

    Clean seam

    Seam stitched and pressed open. The seam looks invisible when pressed open.

    Coat collar

    A two part stiff collar raised above the shoulder line. One part of the collar is an extension of the bodice.

    Complimentary colours

    Colours on the opposite side of the colour wheel. lik red and green, blue and orange yellow and purple

    Cool Colors

    Blue, violet and green are cool or light colors. 

    Colorfast

    Used to describe a dyed fabric’s ability to resist fading or running due to washing, exposure to sunlight, and other environmental conditions.

    Collar stand

    A band between the shirt and the collar on a shirt or blouse.

    Continuous placket

    A one piece placket usually seen on garments with a partial opening

    Contractor

    A manufacturing concern that does the sewing for other producers under an agreement

    Convertible Collar

    A rolled collar that can be worn open or closed.  Sewn directly to the neckline.

    Cosmopolitan

    Sophisticated international

    Classic style

    Traditional timeless style

    Connecting stitches

    Threads that connect short distanced objects n embroidery. Distance of 1/16″ is usually the standard for a aconnecting stitch

    Contemperory

    Current; having the look of today

    Continental

    Designs having the characteristics of European men’s style featuring wide shoulders fitted waist

    Convertible collar

    This is basically a jewel neckline with a slit which gives the look of collar. A contracting colour fabric is used inside the garment which when turned inside out looks like collar.

    Cording

    String or cord which can be used in decorations, and as drawstring

    Couching

    In couching hand or machine overcast stitches are used to  attach a thread yarn or trim to a fabric.

    Couturier

    French word for male designers usually one who has his own couture house. Coutruiere (female term )

    Coverlet

    A lightweight blanket often used during warmer months. Coverlets have a shorter drop than traditional bedspreads, exposing the frame or bedskirt

    Coverseamed

    A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It is used around neck arm holes waistband and wrist band to create a cleaner and more durable finish.

    Cowl Neck

    A neckline featuring a piece of material attached to a garment at the neck, which may be used as a hood or draped loosely in a swag from shoulder to shoulder at the front neckline or back.

    Carze

    A fad of fashion characterised by indescriminate following by people

    Crew neck

    Tight Round neck of a sweater or t shirt

    Circles and squares

    marks in a pattern that you match with their identical shapes, or a line of change (such as a seam, sleeve cap, or beginning or ending of gathers) in the adjoining piece.

    Crease

    Make a fold line in the fabric, as an indication while sewing . You can crease with iron orwith fingers

    Crewel yarn

    A two-ply, loosely twisted, fine-worsted yarn used in heavy embroidery

    Crochet

    Method of making a  loose, open knit fabric by looping thread with a hooked needle.

    Crossgrain edge

    The edge perpendicular to the selvage

    Cross stitch

    Two stitches that cross to form an x.

    Cuff

    A rectangular piece of cloth stitched to hold gathers. One side of the cuff will have a button and the otherside  buttonhole

     Cutting line

    A solid, dark outer line to follow in cutting out a pattern piece.

    Decorative stitch

    An embroidery stitch used to highlight a design.

    Darning foot

    A presser foot that is used with dropped feed dogs for free-motion stitching or mending; Darning foot. It has a circular opening that doesn’t clamp down over the fabric

    Darts

    Darts are fold stitched into a fabric to take in ease and give it shape. Dart legs are lines that come to a stop at the pattern edge

    Dart placement — on patterns transfers shape markings onto fabric where you make a fold on the solid line and stitch on the broken lines, toward point..

    Dazzle

    A lightweight, silky-soft fabric blend that has a slight shine to it. Dazzle is found primarily in active clothing because of its quick-drying capabilities.

    Diamond Neck

    A diamond-shaped cutout that fastens at the front or back neckline.

    Dobby

    Small, usually geometric patterns that are woven into a fabric.

    Dolman

    A long cape-like sleeve that is very wide at the armhole. It is cut as an extension of the bodice.

    Double-Breasted

    Having one-half of the front lapped over the other. Usually has a double row of buttons and a single row of buttonholes.

    Double breasted collar

    A coat collar with overlapping lapels. This collar has double sets of buttons below the collar.

    Double needle

    Two machine needles attached together to sew two parallel rows of stitches at once with two spools of thread and one bobbin. It is also called twin needle.

    Double-fold hem

    A hem that is folded first to enclose the raw edge and then for the hem allowance.

    Down

    A fluffy, soft fibrous material that grows under the contour feathers of ducks, geese and other waterfowl. Used as a thermal insulator because it’s known for warmth.

    Drape

    The way a garment / fabric hangs

    Drawstring

    A string in the seam of a garment which can be pulled to tighten.

    Dropped Waist / Low Waist

    A waistline that is sewn below the body’s natural waistline.

    Drop stitch

    A type of knit where some of the needles are “dropped out” during stitching to produce an open-worked pattern in the fabric. Similar to a wide, ribbed finish.

    Drop shoulder sleeve

    This sleeve has an extended armhole. Sleeve lies below the shoulder.

    Duck cloth

    A medium-weight cloth (usually cotton) that is soft, breathable and durable. Tightly woven and retains color beautifully.

    Dyed to match

    Refers to buttons or trims that are of the same colour as the garment into which they are sewn.

    Earth colours

    Coloursthat are found in nature mostly of the brown shades

    Ease

    a) Difference between garment measurement and body measurement. This measurement is added to finished garment for comfortable movement.

    b) Join different lengths of fabric together by adjusting the length against each other.

    Edge stitch

    A stitch made very close to the edge as close as 1/8″

    Edging

    Trims or decorative needle work used on the fabric edge

    Egyptian cotton

    Cultivated mainly in the Nile River Valley in Egypt, this grade of cotton boasts the longest and strongest fibers.

    Embellish

    Applying special stitches, appliques, decorative stitches and items to enhance the look of the fabric

    Emblem

    A symbol or edge

    Embossed

    A raised design on the surface created by heated rollers under pressure.

    Empire waistband/ empireline

    This high waistline begins just below the bust, giving tops or dresses a flowing, flattering fit.

    Envelope waist

    A high waist line that folds over and forms a point like that of an envelope

    Enzyme-washed

    Often describes a garment that has been specially treated for extra softness and a worn look.

    Epaulet sleeve

    This sleeve consists of an ornamental strip or loop sewn across the shoulder of a garment.

    Ethnic

    Native and traditional

    Etched tone buttons

    Buttons with an etched pattern

    Extended tail

    When the back portion of the garments longer than the front

    Eyelet

    A type of embroidery in which small holes are cut out in the fabric and finished by embellishment of thread around the opening.

    Fastener

    Device that fastens or holds together seperate fabric parts like zippers buttons etc

    Face

    This simply refers to the finer, more printable surface of the fabric that is used as the outside. It is the more finished side of the fabric.

    Faced waist

    Finishing a waistline of a skirt with facing rather than a waistband.

    Facing

    An fabric is sewn to the raw edge of the main fabric piece, then turned under, at the seamline for lining purposes or to add strength and structure . This is a seam finish which looks very neat

    Fairisle

    A knitting style characterized by geometric patterns.

    Fat quarter

    A fat quarter is a precut fabric of dimensions 18″ * 22″.

    Feed dog

    Apart of sewing machine located under the presser foot; They help move the fabric under the presser foot. In the raised position, they feed the fabric.

    Fell stitch

    This is also called applique stitch and is used to applique one layer of fabric to another. This stitch works from the right side to pull a seam together invisibly

    Findings

    Any extra items attached to a garment during the manufacturing process. This can include trims, buttons, hooks, snaps, or embellishments.

    Finger pressing

    This refers to using fingers and pressure to press a seam or stitch,when it is not possible to use iron to press 

    Finish

    This generally refers to the processes used to improve the appearance of fabrics, after it is made ( woven or knitted). Bleaching, mercerizing, steaming, singeing, and dyeing are all finishing processes.

    Finished Fabric

    A fabric that has gone through all the necessary finishing processes, and is ready to be used in the manufacturing of garments.

    Fishtail Train

    Fitted around the hips and flares out from the knee to the hemline.

    Fitted Point Sleeve

    A long, narrow sleeve that tapers to a point which rests against the back of the hand.

    Flared sleeve

    A small sleeve tight at the armhole ad loose at the lower edge

    Flat felled seam

    Used mainly in activewear, sportsware , this is a seam made by placing one edge inside a folded edge of fabric, then stitching the fold down with a top stitch. 

    Flocking

    A decorative detail in which short fibers are applied to the surface of a fabric in a particular pattern by using an adhesive.

    Flounce hem

    A strip of fabric attached to one edge of a garment (usually a skirt) to create a wide ruffle. Usually a  circular or bias cut piece of material is used to create this effect.

    Fold line

    This mostly refers to the center fold of the piece of fabric. Most pattern pieces are placed on the fold line for cutting it out.On patterns indicates the line on which you turn the fabric for hem or facing.

    Forte of a garment

    The strong point of the garment.

    Fray

    Threads which come out during handling

    Free motion embroidery

    Hand guided machine embroidery with dropped feed dogs on fabric fixed in embroidery hoops

    French cuffs

    Turned-up cuffs sometimes fastened with cuff links and sometimes contrasting in color.

    French Curve

    A drafting tool made of metal wood or plastic used for drawing curves.

    French darts

    Darts placed on the garment front starting from near or at the waist and ending near the bust point.

    French knot

    This is a hand embroidery technique which creates a three dimensional tight dot by bringing up the threaded needle through the fabric, wrapping the thread around a number of times. The knot is used decoratively in the center of flowers etc.

    French seam

    A seam finish used for sheer and delicate fabrics, this method hides the raw edges in a neat double fold on the wrong side of the fabric. ie seam allowance is enclosed in the fold.

    Frey

    Threads which come out from the fabric during handling.

    Frog closure

    The decorative closing of fabric with cording or braided material which fits over a ball or button to complete the closure.

    Funnel neck

    A neckline that is high and wide, resembling a funnel. A funnel neck is attached to the body of the garment, not sewn at the neckline.

    Fusible interfacing

    A fabric with adhesive on one side used on the wrong side of the main fabric to add shape and support to the main fabric. 

    Garment-washed

    This term often describes apparel that has been through a standard wash cycle in a commercial washing machine. The repeated exposure in water leads to a softer, worn-in look on the garments

    Garment dyed

    This is dyeing process done after garment is finished.

    Glen check

    A blue and white check

    Godet

    A triangular fabric piece placed into a hem to give fullness (e.g., the bottom of a skirt).

    Gore

    These are vertical garment sections that are cut narrow at the top and wide at the hem.

    Grading 

    The process of converting a pattern from one size to another.Grading a seam refers to  trimming your seam to various levels making each layer of fabric a different width.

    Grading seams

    Trimming seam allowance to reduce bulk

    Grain

    The orientation of the threads in woven fabric – lengthwise and crosswise

    Grain arrow 

     straight line carrying an arrow at each end you use to position pattern on the fabric. You place this line parallel to the selvage or lengthwise grain.

    Gradations

    Shades of colour

    Grosgrain

    Strong, closely woven, corded fabric with narrow, horizontal ribs, usually used as trim.

    Gun club checks

    A pattern of double checks

    Gusset

    An insert in a seam of the garment allowing for more space or opening ; It is usually triangle shaped or diamond shaped

    Ham

    A hard, stuffed form used to shape darts and curves during pressing.

    Hand

    The way a fabric feels when touched. softness, crispness, dryness, silkiness are all terms that describe the hand of the fabric.

    Hand finishing

    This is doing the last more detailed finishes of a garment by hand

    Hanky sleeve

    The lower edge of this sleeve hangs down like a handkerchief

    Haute Couture

    A French term which means high fashion. It is used to describe one of a kind expensive garments

    Heat-transferred print

    A unique type of printing in which art is digitally replicated and printed on the surface of polyester. The dye permanently bonds to the fibers without fading, even after repeated washing.

    Hem

    Finished bottom edge of a garment. Also refered as hemline.

    Hem allowance

    Hem allowance is the distance between the edge of the fabric and the hemline. This allowance is folded inside the garment and then sewn with the appropriate hem finish.

    Hemming tape

    Adhesive strip of 1/2 inch wide used for hemming. This is applied at the fold of a garment for a quick hem

    Hemline 

    In patterns indicated by a solid line that you turn up for the hem.

    Herringbone

    A broken twill weave with a pattern made up of rows of parallel lines in opposite directions forming a zigzag pattern.

    High bias collar

    Shaped like the chinese collar , this is cut on the bias and is not stiff.

    High performance

    High-Performance footwear includes specially designated athletic shoes and boots featuring true performance technology for the serious athlete and adventurer.

    High waist

    Also known as empire waist line, this waist line is very high usually in line with the bust line.

    Hip curve

    A curved ruler used to mark the curved sides of the bodice

    Hip Pockets

    Pockets sewn on the front of a garment at hip height.

    Hippie style

    Style characterized by long hair Beards jeans and psychedelic colours

    Hollywood Waistband

    Characterized by a full elasticized back and a side zipper or button closure.

    Hong Kong finish

    A bias-bound edge seam finish.The seams are bound with bias tape on the wrong side off the garment.

    Hook-and-eye closure

    A fastening system with a small metal hook that is inserted into a matching eye loop or small metal loop.This can be sewn or glued in place. 

    Hoop

    A plastic, metal, or wooden hoop that holds fabric tight while sewing or embroidering. The fabric is kept taunt between the two rings of the hoop. It is used to tightly grip the fabric and stabilizer between an inner and outer ring. Usually this is attached to machine’s frame. 

    Horsehair braid

    This is a net like ribbon used to add support to a hem. It is stretchy and takes curves easily. It is usually used in the hems of skirts and puff sleeves to give support and fullness

    Horn tone buttons

    These are buttons which looks like made of horn

    Houndstooth

    A usually small, distinctively broken-check pattern that resembles the jagged back teeth of a hound.

    Illusion Bodice

    A bodice made of sheer material giving the illusion of no bodice.

    Illusion Sleeve

    A sleeve made of sheer material giving the illusion of no sleeve.

    Inseam

    Vertical seams on pants between the legs. Inseam length is the measurement from the crotch of the pants to the hem.

    Inset

    A narrow strip of fabric or trim stitched between   two fabric pieces for fit or decorative purposes

    Interfacing

    Sew-in or fusible fabric used to stabilize the fashion fabrics.When applied to the wrong side of the main fashion fabric it will add rigidity and body to the fabric. Example of use – shirt collar, lapels of a jacket, pant hem.

    Interlining

    An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric, either sewn to the wrong side of the lining or the inner side of the outer shell fabric. The interlining is used primarily to provide warmth in coats, jackets, and outerwear.

    Interlock

    A type of cut-and-sew knit fabric that is characterized by the interconnecting of the knit stitches.

    Inverted pleats

    Inside out box pleats, usually made around the width of skirts

    Invisible zipper

    A zipper when sewn into a seam will disappear into the seam. Just the zipper pull will be visible from the outside.

    Iron

    A very important tool in the sewing room, this is used to press the clothes, especially seams, not iron. Ironing will stretch the fabric and distort it so take care only to press

    Jewel tones

    Deep shades of colours red blue green and purple

    Johnny collar

    An open, split neckline with a pointed collar.

    Jungle print

    A pattern depicting African plants and animals

    Kabuki sleeves

    Wide loose-fitting sleeves modeled after the garments worn in traditional Japanese theater. Also known as kimono sleeves.

    Kangaroo pouch pocket

    A large pocket formed by sewing a piece of cloth over the center or stomach area of the garment leaving both ends open.

    Keyhole neckline

    A round or teardrop-shaped cutout that fastens at the front or back neckline.

    Khakhi

    Earth colours / military colours

    Kick pleats

    Short inverted pleats stitched till the hips

    Kimono sleeve

    A slightly longer and broader version of the Magyar sleeve which is an extension of the bodice. Usually seen in the Kimonos

    Knife pleats

    Thin very firmly pressed pleats facing in one direction.

    Kurta Placket

    Placket mostly seen in kurtas for men and women they have one piece broader than the other.

    Kurta sleeve

    A long or ¾ sleeve, it has a rectangular armhole with a cloth fitted in between the sleeve and the bodice. The width of the sleeve at the armhole is almost the same as that at the lower edge.

    Ladder stitch

    This is a hand stitch used to join two folded edges of fabric. Stitches are made at right angles to the fabric, creating a ladder-like formation between the fabrics. When tightened it will not appear from the outside.

    Lacy knit

    A weave constructed to imitate the appearance of lace

    Lambskin

    The skin or hide of a young sheep. Also known as “napa” leather, lambskin has fewer blemishes and a more uniform grain than other leathers such as buffalo and cowhide, which make it extra soft and attractive for use in clothing.

    Lap

    To fold or extend one fabric over the other.Also the part of a garment which extends over another. 

    Lapels

    The folded area on the front of a coat that is usually a continuation of the collar.

    Lapped seams

    A seam in which the edges of the two pieces of fabric overlap. Usually used with fabrics that donot fray like felt, leather etc.

    Layer

    Trimming seam allowance in different width so that bulk is reduced

    Layered

    Design with Layers of clothes stitched in varying lengths

    Layered sleeve

    Sleeves with overlapping Layers of different lengths, stitched together at the armhole line.

    Layered skirt

    Skirt with two or more layers of gathered or circle skirts

    Lengthen and shorten lines

    single or double lines that indicate the place where you can add or subtract length without affecting the design of the garment.

    Leg of mutton sleeves

    A long sleeve of ¾ arm length, usually cut on the bias grain; It has gathers or pleats at the arm hole and is tight fitted at the lower edge.

    Lettuce edge

    This is a hem edge finish which is a serged edge that is stretched as sewn, resulting in an attractive slightly ruffled edge.

    Linen

    This fiber is obtained from flax plants. As  it makes a fabric which is cool, absorbent, breathable and durable it is extremely suitable for summer clothes.

    Lining

    An inner layer of fabric or any other material that covers the construction details of the finished garment, like interfacing, padding, seam finishes. It gives a neat look to the inside.

    Lithograph

    Ink-receptive images on a page or fabric resulting from a mass-production printing process.

    Magyar sleeve

    This short sleeve is an extension of the bodice.

    Marble print

    A speckled pattern that imitates natural stone patterns

    Mandarin collar

    A short, standup collar that gives garments a stylish Asian look.

    Mark

    A visible impression made on the fabric to be cut. This denotes the measurement.

    Marled

    Interlocked, different-colored fibers are twisted together to create a long, continuous strand resulting in a contrasting effect on the finished garment.

    Merchendising

    Presentation of new products

    Mesh net

    A net usually found in summer bags or shoes

    Matte

    A smooth or sometimes brushed surface that lacks luster and shine.

    Mercerization

    A process of treating a thread, yarn or fabric to increase its luster, color retention and durability. The fabric (usually cotton) is immersed in sodium hydroxide and then neutralized in acid. This causes the fiber to permanently swell, which increases its qualities.

     Microsanded

    A unique type of brushing done to fabric that removes its roughness for an extra-soft feel.

    Mitered

    This is a pattern formed when two pieces of fabric are joined at right angle connecting the inside and outside corners.

    Mitered bindings

    When bias bindings are used they are joined at a 90 degree angle and a 45 degree seam divides them causing a diagonal seam.

    Mitered corners

    Mitering a corner makes a smooth, tidy finish to a 90-degree corner, neatly squaring the corners. There will be a diagonal seam from the tip of the corner to the inside edge

    Mother of pearl

    Logo buttons made from mother of pearl with a logo iscribed on them.

    Muslin

    A test garment that checks fit and style, made to ensure that pattern meets the makers expectations, prior to making the final garment.

    Moisture-wicking

    Moisture-wicking fabric transfers moisture from the skin’s surface to the garment’s outer layer for faster drying.

    Monotone

    A single colour

    Monochromatic 

    Consisting or using only one colour

    Motif

    The central or dominant design element.

    Nap

    A fabric texture that runs in a particular direction and requires all pattern pieces be cut facing the same direction.A fabric with nap will look different from different directions ; eg is Velvet, Corduroy, terry cloth. Checking for nap is particularly important when cutting.  

    Natural Waist

    A seam or waistband that secures or falls at the natural curve of the body, which is the indentation between the hips and the ribcage.

    Needle board

    Used for pressing velvet and velveteen

    Nep

    Small knots of tangled fibers added intentionally to increase the fabric’s aesthetic appeal. The knots can be made from the same or different color and material.

    Neutral colours

    White grey etc

    Newyork Hem

    A way of hemming the jeans by keeping the original hem. If you like to  keep your original hem but would like to trim the length this is the hem technique.

    Notches

    Small indents made by the pattern maker, Notches are shaped like diamonds or triangles that are printed on the cutting line of a pattern outside the seam allowance, to indicate where the seams should meet or where another pattern piece should fit.They ensure that two pieces of fabric will come together correctly when sewn together.

    Notions

    All the items used in sewing other than sewing machine and fabric

    Nursery print

    A fabric with imaginative fantasies like cartoons bird’s animals and toys printed on it in bright colours is said to have nursery prints.

    Nylon

    Strong and durable elasticised fabric which an be washed and dried easily.

    Off-The-Shoulder Neck

    A neckline that lies gently hovering across the top of the bust-line with the shoulders uncovered or able to be seen through the sheer yoke of net or organza attached to a high collar.

    Ombre

    Gradual blending of related tones of color that graduate from light to dark.

    Ottoman rib

    A stiff, heavyweight, warp rib (vertical running yarns) sometimes referred to as Ottoman cord.

    Overcast stitch

    Stitch used to finish the raw unfinished seam or edge to prevent threads from unravelling. It is also called whip stitch and it covers the edge like a spiral.

    Paperbag waist

    Usually with an elasticized  or drawstring style that forms a gathered effect above the waist

    Pagoda sleeve

    A sleeve that is shaped much like an Asian building called a pagoda. Like a pagoda, the sleeve is narrow at the top where it fits the upper arm closely, then gradually flares out to become wide at the bottom. The shape is similar to a funnel, and so this sleeve style may also be called a funnel sleeve.

    Paisley

    A swirled pattern of fancy, curved teardrop shapes – shaped like a leaf

    Pastel colour

    A pale soft colour made by adding white to a bright colour

    Pastoral print

    A design showing a landscape scene

    Patch pockets

    A small pocket, usually found on pants, which looks like a piece of material was sewn on as a patch.

    Patch work

    A design made from sewing small patches of cloth together

    Patch or Emblem

    Embroidered design with a finished edge stitched independant of garment

    Pattern weights

    Weight used to keep the paper patterns on the fabric instead of using pins

    Peached fabric

    A soft feel usually obtained by sanding the fabric lightly; it also can be achieved with chemical or laundry abrasion.

    Peter Pan collar

    A small collar that is flat and close-fitting with rounded ends.

     Photo real

    A screen print with the realistic qualities of a photo

    Picot

    A row of tiny decorative loops sewn or cut along the edge of a garment.

    Pieced

    A design that is created by sewing pieces of material together to form the garment.

    Pigment dye

    A type of dye applied and held to the fabric with resins and cured at high temperatures. Boasts excellent features for light colors and less so for darker shades.

    Pile knit

    A type of knit with a decorative pattern of yarns interlaced to create loops, most often used in faux fabrics.

    Pile weave

    A type of weave with a decorative pattern of yarns interlaced to create loops.

    Pill

    A term used to describe small balls of fibers tangled together on a fabric (usually fleece). Pills are generally caused by wear and tear producing an uneven, worn look.

    Pins

    Pins are used to hold the paper patterns on the fabric when cutting and to hold fabrics together when stitching.

    Pin holder

    Cushion or a container used to hold various pins

    Pinpoint

    A type of weave with two-over, one-under stitching. More durable than most weaves but less soft than sateen.

    Pintuck

    A small, narrow fold of fabric stitched together to create the appearance of a line or stripe.

    Piping

    A narrow piece of  bias cut fabric folded over a cord that is used as a decorative trim usually as contrasting trim in the seam at the edge and facing of a garment .

    Pivot

    Moving the fabric without moving the needle from the fabric at 45 degrees to make a continous stitch when stitching corners and square seams

    Place on fold line

     a grain line that indicates the edge of the pattern you should place on a fold of the fabric.

    Placket

    A v shaped opening made by a piece of cloth that covers an opening that is the closure of the garment.It supports or hided the closures like buttons and buttonholes.

    Plaited

    The interweaving of strands or locks of a fabrication, so that one yarn appears only on the face and the second on the back

    Ply

    refers to the number of yarns twisted together to make a composite yarn..

    Pocket patch

    Any pocket that is sewn on a garment

    Pocket placement 

    The area where you attach the finished pocket.

    Pointelle

    A stitch used in knitting to create a tiny, open-worked pattern typically with geometric shapes. It adds a lightweight, delicate texture to clothing.

    Point turner

    A tool used to turn a sewn corner to the right side with a sharp, crisp point.

    Polo collar

    Usually seen in pullovers made in knitted fabric, this collar lies close to the neck in double fabric.i

    Pork chop pockets

    Front pockets on a pair of pants, shorts or a skirt that are characterized as being oversized and rectangular.

    Preshrunk

    A term used to describe fabrics or garments, especially tees, that have received treatment to prevent it from additional shrinkage when washed.

    Press Mark

    Undesirable shining lines on the outside of the garment due to incorrect ironing.

    Pressing template

    An object used to create a smooth, crisp line or edge when pressing.

    Prewashed

    A term used to describe fabrics or garments, especially tees and jeans, which have already been washed to add softness and prevent shrinking.

    Primary colours

    Red yellow blue

    Prick stitch

    A short back stitch used on bulky materials like velvet. 

    Print on print

    Having one pattern printed on a contrasting pattern eg floral print on checks

    Princess seams

    Vertical Seams that are on the front or back of a garment positioned between the side seam and the center front and back, that create a flattering, form-fitting shape.

    Princess sleeves

    Gathered sleeves with straight plain pieces inserted in between.

    Puffed ink

    A decorative detail added to screen prints to give them a raised surface

    Puff embroidery

    Stitching a dense motif over embroidery or craft foam to create a three dimensional effect.

    Puffed sleeves

    A sleeve with gathers or pleats athe arm hole or lower edge.(Pouf sleeve)

    Raschel knit

    This is a knit construction with interweaving of coarse and fine yarns. It is frequently used as an unlined material for coats, lingerie and dresses.

    Ravelling

    Allowing or pulling thread to come out of the raw edge of the fabric to create a deliberate fringed look.

    Raw edge

    Unfinished cut edge of a fabric

    Rectangular sleeve

    This sleeve has a rectangular armhole extending almost till the waist. This sleeve starts from the center of the shoulder line.

    Regimental stripe

    A neckline design of stripes in the colours of flags

    Reverse applique

    This is an applique method where design is cut out first and then the accent fabric appliqued from the back so that the fabric will be seen through the main fabric as if through a small window

    Reversible

    Clothes which looks the same on either side ( right side as well as wrong side)

    Rib

    A type of knit fabric characterized with a ridge effect in one direction, usually vertical. Rib knits are extremely elastic and often used in apparel to provide a comfy, body-hugging fit.

    Ribbing

    Raised ribs of fabric arranged vertically or horizontally

    Ric-rac

    A decorative trim on clothing featuring a flat fabric that forms a zigzag pattern.

    Rippled collar

    A cape collar with a slashed outer edge, usually seen in nightwear.

    Rise

    Distance between the waistline and crotch seam of pants 

    Rivet

    A fastener attached to a hole. Used with grommets

    Rolled hem

    This is a very narrow hem produced by rolling and stitching the edge. This can be sewn by hand, regular sewing machine, or serger.

    Rosette

    A fabric embellishment that’s pleated and ruffled to resemble a rose.

    Rotary cutter and self healing mat

    Circular Blade with a handle used to cut multiple layers of clothing easily. The cutting mat is useful in protecting the cutting table from the sharp edges of the cutter.

    Ruche

    A pleated or gathered strip of fabric used as a decorative, feminine accent.

    Running stitch ( Straight stitch)

    This most basic stitch is a hand stitch which makes a dashed line weaving in and out of the fabric

    Ruffle

    A strip or frilled or gathered fabric used for trimming or decoration

    Ruffled sleeve

    A short sleeve with gathers all around the armhole.

    Sack dress

    Loose fitting dress which slips over the head

    Sailors collar

    This collar has a square or rectangular flap at the back and in the front two triangular collars are tied in a knot; usually seen in the uniform of sailor’s.

    Salvage

    To save or recover from desrtuction

    Salwar

    Loose pants popular in Indian subcontinent

    Sandwashed

    Garments that have been specially treated with sand creating a softer, worn-in look and feel.

    Sarong

    A loose-fitting, long strip of fabric that is often worn around the waist like a skirt, or wrapped around the whole body like a dress. It is a very popular form of a swimsuit cover-up.

    Satin Stitch

    A very zig zag stitch used for applique and other decorative purposes. Can be done by hand and by machine.

    Sash

    ornamental band scraf, strip or belt worn around the waist over the shoulders

    Scalloped Edge

    A border that contains continuous curves finished with bourdon stitching.

    Seamline

    Resulting line when two fabrics are stitched together in a straight line usually 1/4 inches from the cutting line.

    Seam Allowance

    Distance between the cutting line and the seam line.

    Seam Finish

    Methods used to finish the edges of a seam

    Seam ripper

    A very handy tool in the sewing room, used to remove stitches.

    Seam roll

    A cylindrical-shaped pressing tool; This is used to press open long seams or to slide inside a sleeve for crease less pressing.

    Seam tape

    A stable lightweight ribbon-like tape used to stabilize seams and finish hems.

    Secondary colours

    Orange green purple

    Secure stitch

    In stitching when coming to end of a stitch , sew back 1/4 inch and go forward to anchor the stitch. You can do this over the sewing machine by pressing the reverse stitching lever.

    Self-facing

    Facing cut from the same fabric as the garment

    Self fabric collar

    A collar that is made from the same material as the body of the garment.

    Selvage

    Tightly woven factory edge of fabric that runs parallel to the lengthwise grain.

    Serge

    An edge or seam sewn on a serger. The finish used is termed serge finish.

    Serger (Overlock machine)

    A sewing machine that can seam, trim, and overcast raw edges in one step. 

    Set in Sleeve

    A sleeve joined to the garment at the natural edge of the shoulder line

     Scallops

    This is an ornamental edge finishing with a number of curves or shell like segments joined together 

    Scoop Neck / Round Neck

    A low, U-shaped or round neckline.

    Screen print

    A picture or design printed on a garment using the silk-screen process.

    Seedstitching

    A type of stitch that creates a textured finish and looks like a continuous pattern of seeds.

    Selvedge

    Finished edge of the fabric (along the length side)

    Sewing weights

    Small weights used to anchor fabric while cutting or sewing 

    Shank

    Protrusion in the back of a button through which the thread passes to attach the button to the garment.The button is called a shank button. 

    Shawl collar

    The collar is raised above the shoulders and one part overlaps the other; This collar is broad near the shoulders and tapers below.

    Sheeting

    A lightweight, woven fabric made from cotton or linen. It sometimes has a crinkled texture and is commonly used for seasonal bottoms like capris.

    Shirt collar

    Collar usually found on men’s shirts, with a band which makes it stiff and tight around the neck.

    Shift

    A loose-fitting dress that lacks a defined waistline. It tends to hit above the knee and is commonly sleeveless.

    Shirred

    Gathered material that creates pleated details.

    Shirt placket

    Full opening placket used in shirts etc

    Shirt sleeve

    A full length sleeve ending in a cuff; usually seen in men’s shirts; they have a small placket attached to the cuff with buttons.

    Short waisted

    Having a short torso ; indicates the distance between shoulders and waist that is shorter than average

    Shrinkage

    The contraction of a fiber, yarn, or fabric after washing and drying. Most natural fibers have a tendency to shrink 4-6%..

     Silhoutte

    Outline, shape of the garment or body.

    Silk

    Light weight natural fiber which possess a soft sheen, silk drapes very well and can be dyed.

    Skant

    Pants that have flaps of fabric sewn on at the waist to create a skirt-like appearance.

    Slashed pocket

    A pocket set in the garment, cut through the face of a garment and faced. It is usually placed below the waist line.Slash pockets.The pocket pouch is suspended from and attached to the slash.

    Sleeve board

    Small ironing board that fits inside a sleeve.

    Sleeve cap

    The curved top section of the sleeve  from the front underarm to the back under arm.

    Slip on

    Clothing put on the head without laces or fasteners

    Slipstitch

    A slipstitch uses invisible stiches to join two folded edges or one folded edge to a flat surface.

    Sloper

    This is a basic master pattern used as a building block for all patterns , used for a perfect fitting snug fitting basic garment. 

    Slubbed

    A process where a fabric (usually silk or cotton) is slightly twisted or drawn out, producing an intentional unevenly textured appearance.

    Snap tape

    A firmly woven tape to which snap fasteners are securely anchored

    Snips (Thread)

    A very handy tool to cut thread.Mostly used in hand embroidery but it is a very valuable tool with sewing machine too.

    Soutache

    A flat, decorative braid usually consisting of narrow loops, similar to crochet. Most commonly used as a trim or accent on women’s clothing.

    Space-dyed

    A dye process in which individual strands receive more than one color at irregular intervals.

    Spaghetti straps

    Very thin straps attached to a bodice.

    Spangles

    Decorative pieces, usually made from metal or plastic, that have a hole through which they can be sewn to a garment. Sequins, which are usually round and fairly small, and paillettes, which are larger and made in different shapes, are the most common types of spangles. 

    Spool

    Holder of thread made of wood, plastic etc.

    Stone wash

    Repeated washing of a fabric to fade the colour

    Stabilizer

    A material used as an under layer to hold the shape of the fashion fabric or support its strength during embroidery. It is mainly used in machine embroidery

    Stash

    Collection of fabrics.

    Stay stitch

    A basting stitch placed on or just outside the seam line, used to stabilize the fabric and keep it from stretching. It is usually used in curved seams to prevent stretching or distorting.

    Stitching line

    The actual line on which you sew; In pattern symbols  a broken line, usually located 5/8 of an inch away from the cutting line indicating where the seam should be made. The seam allowance is the distance between the cutting line and the stitching line.

    .

    Stitch-in-the-ditch

    Stitching  on top of a finished seam line from the front of the garment. This helps to hold layers of fabric together without a visible stitching line

    Stonewashed

    A laundering process in which the fabric is washed with rocks or rubber or silicon balls. The resultant fabric has a distressed or weathered look

    Storm flap

    A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front zip or snap closure of an outer wear garment to protect against wind and moisture.

    Straight-grain tape

    This Tape is cut with the grain ; They are cut in strips parallel to the selvages of the fabric and gives the least stretch. So this binding used to stabilize bias and cross-grain seams and edges.

    Straight pins

    Pins used to fasten pieces of fabric or paper together. They consists of a short straight steel pin with a pointed end and mostly a beaded head.

    Sunray

    Thin  knife pleats placed in the center of a garment like the pleats of a saree

    Surplice

    A neckline formed when one piece of fabric overlaps the other to create a V-neck opening.

    Swatch

    Piece of scrap fabric

    Sweetheart neckline

    A curved neckline with a scalloped trim that is similar to the top half of a heart.

    Swiss dot

    Woven, flocked or embroidered dots on a sheer, lightweight fabric providing a textured pattern.

    Tambour needle

    A thin, sharp pointed hook used for applying strung beads or sequins from the wrong side, or sewing decorative chain stitches from the right side

    Taped seams

    A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outer wear taped seams helps in water proofing the garment.

    Tape measure

    A long flexible measuring tape used to take custom measurement of body. Checkout the post on reading the tape measure accurately.

    Taper

    To decrease width gradually and bring it to a point

    Tapestry needle

    A needle with a blunt tip and large oval-shaped eye made for decorative stitching with bulky threads or yarns

     Tape yarn

    A pure cotton yarn used to create a narrow, woven fabric. It is a soft with an airy texture and ideal for warmer temperatures

    Tensions

    Thread tautness.

    Topping

    Material placed on top of fabric to hold embroidery stitches above it.

    Top stitch

    Stitching line on the right side of the garment 1/4 inch from the edge. This is done usually as a decorative feature.

    Tracing paper

    Semi transparent paper used for tracing drawing etc

    Tracing wheel

    A smooth toothed wheel with a handle that is used on tracing paper to trace a sewing pattern on to fabric

    Tricot lining

    A very lightweight nylon lining used in shorts.

    Trim

    General term used to refer embellishments used in finishing a garment like laces, ribbon etc. Also refers to cutting away excess seam allowance

    Tubular collar

    Collar in which knit in a tube form so it has no seams.

    Tuck

    This is a design feature which refers to folding the fabric and sewing a row of stitch parallel to the fold, to manipulate fullness, either decorative or used to shape a garment

    Tuck in tails

    A shirt constructed so that the back hem is longer than the front . This helps in keeping the shirt tucked in during daily activities.

    Tulip sleeve

     A small sleeve without a side seam. One side of the sleeve overlaps the other side on the upper side of the arm. The shape of this seam is like that of a Tulip flower

    Turtleneck

    A high, close-fitting, turnover collar used especially for sweaters.

    Twill tape

    A flat non-stretching woven ribbon of cotton, linen, polyester, or wool. It is used to stabilize seams or edges

    Twill tape placket lining

    Twill is attached to the inside of the placket as a designs

    Two Way zipper

    A zipper with two zipper pulls so that it can be unzipped from both directions.

    Umbrella sleeve

    Full length sleeve with a flared edge

    Under arm grommets

    Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathablility and air circulation

    Underlay

    A layer of fabric underneath another layer of fabric.

    Underlining

    A garment lining made from the pattern and placed under the fashion fabric to be sewn as one. It is is great to be used under see through fabrics or loose weave fabrics or to add firmness. Usually a light weight fabric is chosen as underlining 

    Understitching

    This refers to a line of straight stitching sewn just beyond the seam line of two pieces, where the seam allowances are stitched to the facing along an edge.

    Variegated

    A pattern having streaks or marks in different colors. Variegated ribs will have a slight difference in the colors between the ribs

    V patch

    A section of material in a v shape that is sewn onto the garment directly under the collar. This is used to give support against the stretching in the neck opening.

    Velcro

    Tapes used for tying two parts of the garment together. One side of the tape has nylon bristles and the other has plastic bristles which when brought together sticks

    Vents

    Openings that allows breathability. It is also added as a design element. It also provides ease to embroider the inside of a garment.

    V-Neck / V-Back

    An open yoke coming to a “V” shape midway down the bodice.

    Waist line

    Line wound that part of the human figure between the shoulder and the hip that is most narrow.

    Waist stay

    A stable ribbon sewn inside a dress at the waist, used to support the dress.

    Walking foot

    A presser foot that steps across the fabric instead of sliding to facilitate even feed.

    Warp

    Lengthwise thread in woven fabric that runs parallel to selvage.

    Wash away stabilizer

    Provides support to a fabric, then dissolves in water. It is especially useful when embroidering onto fabric.

    Watteau back

    A loose, full back of a garment, usually a woman’s gown, in which wide box pleats hang from a high shoulder yoke and extend to the hem of the garment. This style is derived from Jean Antoine Watteau, a French artist of the 18th century, in whose paintings women wore dresses with style.

    Wedding-Band Collar

    A collar featuring a yoke that is either open or of sheer net with an ornate band fitting snugly on the neck, creating a choker effect.

    Weft

    The crosswise threads in a woven fabric–traveling from selvage to selvage

    Welt

    A run-resistant, double-edged strip or insert for embellishment or reinforcement.

    Whiskers

    Tiny, frayed threads from raw seam edges.

    Wing Collar

    A collar with projections which cover shoulder seams of bodices and doublets.

    Wrong side

    Usually the inside of a garment or the backside of fabric.

     Whipstitching

    A type of stitch that passes diagonally over a fabric’s edge.

    Windowpane

    A checkered pattern characterized by vertical and horizontal lines that intersect to form the appearance of a windowpane.

    Yard

    Unit of measure that is the equivalent of 3 feet, or 36 inches or 0.9144 metre. (common abbreviations: yd or yrds)

    Yardage

    Measure of the length of the fabric calculated in yard.

    Yarn-dyed

    A dyeing process where yarns are immersed in a coloring solution and then woven or knit to make fabric. The colors stay brighter longer.

    Yoke

     A panel stitched across the top of pants, a skirt or a shirt. Saddle yoke create an inverted triangle shape in the back of formal shirts. Round, Straight, square, pointed asymmetrical, U yokes are also seen.

    Zig Zag stitch

    Z-shaped machine stitch used very commonly in place of straight stitch . It is used to finish raw edges or to sew stretchable fabrics

    Zipper foot

    A presser foot ideal for stitching zippers as it enables sewing with the needle on either side. 

    Zipper guard

    A double layer of fabric stitched in place behind the zipper to protect skin or the garment when zipper is pulled up.

    Sewing Abbreviations

    CB       – Center Back
    CF      –  Center Front
    c/l      – Cotton lycra
    CS      – Coverstitch
    FL      – Fold Line
    FOE    – Fold Over Elastic
    GL      – Grain Line
    RST    – Right Sides Together
    RS      – Right Side
    RTW  – Ready To Wear – Garments purchased from shop
    SA      – Seam Allowance
    TAW  – Tear Away Stabilizer
    TTS    – True To Size
    WIP   – Work in progress
    WOF  – Width of fabric
    WS     – Wrong Side
    WSS  – Water soluble stabilizer for embroidery
    WST  – Wrong Sides Together

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